Article

The effects of personality traits on quality of life.

Department of Obstetric and Gynecologic Nursing, Istanbul University Florence Nightingale School of Nursing, Istanbul, Turkey.
Menopause (New York, N.Y.) (Impact Factor: 3.08). 12/2011; 18(12):1309-16. DOI: 10.1097/gme.0b013e31821e2494
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of women's personality traits and some sociodemographic variables on quality of life (QoL).
This cross-sectional and correlational study was conducted among 320 Turkish women aged between 45 and 64 years who attended the Menopausal Polyclinic. Data were collected from the Turkish version of the Cervantes Personality Scale and the Turkish version of the Menopause-Specific Quality of Life Questionnaire.
The mean (SD) age of the participants was 51.8 (5.3) years. The average (SD) age since menopause was found to be 46 (3.3) years. The menopausal QoL was correlated with education status, income level, working status, exercise routine, chronic health problems, family's/friends' support, and negative life events. Logistic regression analyses showed that the QoL in vasomotor, psychological, and sexual domains were 6.1, 9.2, and 11.4 times, respectively, lower in neurotic women than in emotionally stable women. In addition, the QoL in sexual domains were 3.3 times lower in introverted women than in extraverted women.
These findings indicate that higher levels of introversion and higher levels of neuroticism lead to lower QoL among postmenopausal women. The results of this study support the hypothesis that personality would play an important role in women's QoL during the transition period of menopause.

0 Bookmarks
 · 
128 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to determine the role of personality factors in the development of DSM-IV insomnia coincident with perimenopause. Perimenopausal women (35 women with DSM-IV insomnia and 28 women with self-reported normal sleep) underwent clinical assessments and completed menopause-related questionnaires, the NEO Five Factor Inventory and the Structured Interview for DSM-IV Personality. Logistic regressions determined whether personality factors and hot flash-related interference were associated with an insomnia diagnosis concurrent with the menopausal transition. Women with insomnia reported higher neuroticism, lower agreeableness, and lower conscientiousness than controls on the NEO Five Factor Inventory. Moreover, women with insomnia were more likely to meet DSM-IV criteria for cluster C personality disorders, particularly obsessive-compulsive personality disorder, on the Structured Interview for DSM-IV Personality. Women with insomnia were more likely to have had a past depressive episode and a history of severe premenstrual symptoms. Findings from regressions revealed that higher neuroticism and greater interference from hot flashes were associated with insomnia classification even after controlling for history of depression, suggesting that sensitivity to hot flashes and a greater degree of neuroticism are independent contributors toward establishing which women are most likely to have sleep problems during perimenopause. Findings show the relevance of personality factors, particularly neuroticism and obsessive-compulsive personality, to a woman's experience of insomnia as she goes through the menopausal transition.
    Menopause (New York, N.Y.) 01/2014; · 3.08 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Objective Recent evidence suggests that climacteric symptoms may be intensified by specific temperament and personality traits in postmenopausal women. In this study we investigate Cloninger's model of personality in relation to menopausal symptoms. Methods One-hundred and seventy peri- and postmenopausal women consecutively recruited from a menopause clinic of an academic hospital completed the Cloninger's Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI-140) which measures four dimensions of temperament: Harm avoidance, Novelty seeking, Reward dependence and Persistence, as well as three dimensions of character: Self-directedness, Cooperativeness, and Self-transcendence. Menopausal somatic, vasomotor and psychological symptoms were also assessed using the Greene Climacteric Scale. Results In comparison to the norms of the Greek general population, postmenopausal women presented lower scores in Novelty seeking and Reward dependence and higher scores in Persistence, Self-directedness, Cooperativeness and Self-transcendence. Higher harm avoidance (the inclination to avoid potential punishment, be shy and fearful of uncertainty) significantly correlated with anxiety and depressive symptoms while lower Self-directedness (the ability to have the willpower to adapt to or overcome any changes) correlated with depressive symptoms only. By multivariate regression analysis, higher Harm avoidance and lower Self-directedness were independently associated with the presence of depressive symptoms. No significant associations were observed between TCI-140 traits and somatic or vasomotor symptoms. Conclusions Our findings indicate that most temperament and character traits according to Cloninger's model in peri- and postmenopausal women varied significantly as compared to the general population. Among several traits, high Harm avoidance and low Self-directedness were most strongly associated with psychological climacteric distress but not with somatic and vasomotor symptoms.
    Climacteric 03/2014; · 1.96 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Numerous studies show that changes occurring in a woman's organism during menopause may lower her quality of life. This study involved 630 healthy postmenopausal women from Poland. Its purpose was to assess their quality of life in relation to socio-demographic variables, medical data and personality profiles. The authors used the Short Form Health Survey (SF-36) to assess quality of life, the NEO-Five Factor Inventory to measure personality traits, and the Blatt-Kupperman Menopausal Index to estimate severity of climacteric symptoms. The study demonstrated significant relationships between quality of life and variables such as: age, education, employment status, and the use of menopausal hormone therapy. An analysis of personality traits revealed correlations between the openness to experience scores and the quality of life within physical functioning, vitality, and mental health. Neuroticism, agreeableness and extroversion significantly correlated with all quality of life domains. Conclusions: (1) Age, education and employment status have significant effects on the selected quality of life domains after menopause. (2) Quality of life within the general health domain was assessed lower by MHT-users (Menopausal hormone theraphy (MHT)). (3) Health-related quality of life is also influenced by personality traits, which are relatively stable throughout life.
    International journal of environmental research and public health. 01/2014; 11(7):6692-6708.

Full-text

Download
11 Downloads
Available from
Jul 17, 2014