Cognitive-behavioral therapy for depression in patients with temporal lobe epilepsy: A pilot study

Neuropsychiatry Unit, Mexico's National Institute of Neurology and Neurosurgery, México City, México.
Epilepsy & Behavior (Impact Factor: 2.06). 12/2011; 23(1):52-6. DOI: 10.1016/j.yebeh.2011.11.001
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Depression has a high prevalence among patients with temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE). A pilot study was carried out to evaluate group cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) as a treatment for depression in patients with TLE. Twenty-three outpatients with TLE and major depressive disorder, according to DSM-IV criteria, were enrolled and divided into two groups to receive 16 weekly sessions of CBT. The primary outcome measures were depression severity (assessed with the Beck Depression Inventory) and quality of life (measured with the Quality of Life in Epilepsy-31). Sixteen patients (70%) completed at least 80% of the sessions. From week 8, CBT had a significant positive effect on severity of depression that lasted until the end of treatment. A significant improvement in quality of life was also observed. CBT seems to be a useful intervention for treating depression and improving quality of life in patients with TLE.

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    ABSTRACT: Objective Though depression is common in persons with epilepsy, it often remains undiagnosed and/or untreated. The current study aimed to determine the proportion of persons with epilepsy receiving depression-related treatment and to characterize the type of treatment received. Methods Persons with epilepsy (n = 185) from the only epilepsy clinic in a city of 1.2 million people completed questionnaires and the gold-standard Structured Clinical Interview for DSM Disorders (SCID) to assess current and past depression. Treatment for depression (pharmacological and nonpharmacological) was ascertained through patient self-report and chart review. Results Of those with current depression (n = 27), the majority (70.3%) were not on any depression-related treatment. In persons with current depression, nonpharmacological management was the most common treatment method, followed by treatment with psychotropic medications such as selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors. More individuals with a past history of depression but without a current episode (n = 43) were treated (37.2%); it was more common for these individuals to be treated with pharmacological measures. After using an algorithm that adjusts the treated prevalence for those who are successfully treated, the adjusted proportion of depression treatment was 53.1%. Conclusions The proportion of people treated for current depression in this cohort was very low. Future studies should investigate barriers to treatment and how depression treatment can be optimized for those with epilepsy.
    Epilepsy & Behavior 10/2014; 39:59–64. DOI:10.1016/j.yebeh.2014.08.023 · 2.06 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The present proof-of-concept study investigated the feasibility of skin conductance biofeedback training in reducing seizures in adults with drug-resistant temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE), whose seizures are triggered by stress. Skin conductance biofeedback aims to increase levels of peripheral sympathetic arousal in order to reduce cortical excitability. This might seem somewhat counterintuitive, since such autonomic arousal may also be associated with increased stress and anxiety. Thus, this sought to verify that patients with TLE and stress-triggered seizures are not worsened in terms of stress, anxiety, and negative emotional response to this nonpharmacological treatment. Eleven patients with drug-resistant TLE with seizures triggered by stress were treated with 12 sessions of biofeedback. Patients did not worsen on cognitive evaluation of attentional biases towards negative emotional stimuli (P > .05) or on psychometric evaluation with state anxiety inventory (P = .059); in addition, a significant improvement was found in the Negative Affect Schedule (P = .014) and in the Beck Depression Inventory (P = .009). Biofeedback training significantly reduced seizure frequency with a mean reduction of − 48.61% (SD = 27.79) (P = .005). There was a correlation between the mean change in skin conductance activity over the biofeedback treatment and the reduction of seizure frequency (r(11) = .62, P = .042). Thus, the skin conductance biofeedback used in the present study, which teaches patients to achieve an increased level of peripheral sympathetic arousal, was a well-tolerated nonpharmacological treatment. Further, well-controlled studies are needed to confirm the therapeutic value of this nonpharmacological treatment in reducing seizures in adults with drug-resistant TLE with seizures triggered by stress.
    Epilepsy & Behavior 11/2014; 41. DOI:10.1016/j.yebeh.2014.10.017 · 2.06 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: One of every three patients with epilepsy (PWE) will experience a depressive disorder in the course of their life, often associated with anxiety symptoms or a full blown anxiety disorder. Clearly, the high prevalence of these psychiatric comorbidities calls for their early identification and management. This article provides practical strategies in the management of depressive episodes in PWE. Contrary to long-held beliefs, the use of antidepressant drugs are safe in PWE when used at therapeutic doses. Antidepressant drugs of the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) or serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor (SNRI) families are the first line of therapy in depressive disorders, and failure to achieve complete symptom remission after a trial of an SSRI or SNRI at optimal doses should be followed by a second trial with a drug from the other antidepressant family. In developing countries, antidepressant drugs of these two antidepressant families are not always available, and tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs) are the drugs of choice. Although there are no differences in efficacy among the three families of antidepressants, TCAs have a lower tolerability and higher toxicity, with greater mortality risk associated with cardiotoxic effects in overdoses. Cognitive behavior therapy is another treatment modality that has been shown to be effective in the treatment of depressive disorders in patients with and without epilepsy. Its use should be considered together with pharmacotherapy or by itself.
    Epilepsia 03/2013; 54 Suppl 1:3-12. DOI:10.1111/epi.12100 · 4.58 Impact Factor


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Jun 2, 2014