Who Gets Tattoos? Demographic and Behavioral Correlates of Ever Being Tattooed in a Representative Sample of Men and Women
ABSTRACT Despite recent increases in the popularity of tattooing, little is known about the prevalence and characteristics of adults who have ever been tattooed. We investigated demographic and behavioral correlates of ever getting tattooed in an adult population.
Computer-assisted telephone interviews were completed by a representative sample of 8656 men and women ages 16-64 years in Australia.
A total of 14.5% of respondents had ever been tattooed, and 2.4% of respondents had been tattooed in the year before the interview. Men were more likely than women to report a tattoo, but the highest rates of tattooing were found among women in their 20s (29.4%). Men and women ages 20-39 were most likely to have been tattooed, as were men with lower levels of education, tradesmen, and women with live-out partners. Tattooing was also associated with risk-taking behaviours, including smoking, greater numbers of lifetime sexual partners, cannabis use (women only) and ever having depression (men only).
Tattooing has increased in popularity during the past decade. Yet tattoos still appear to be a marker for risk-taking behavior in adults.
Article: Tattooing: more than skin deepHernia 05/2013; 17(6). DOI:10.1007/s10029-013-1107-6 · 2.09 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: To explore the characteristics of military service tattoos a descriptive study was conducted at Walter Reed Army Medical Center to collect information from a convenience sample. An investigator-developed questionnaire provided the data for this study. Over the ensuing 12 month-period the researchers collected 126 questionnaires. Typical respondents were enlisted men with at least one deployment to an area of combat operations. Among the respondents, 57% acquired their tattoos before their deployment. One-quarter of the respondents reported only one tattoo, leaving the majority with multiple tattoos. Men received their first tattoo at an earlier age than women. The most common tattoo listed a person's name. Respondents did not regret their tattoos and rarely acquired the body art under the influence of alcohol or drugs. Little evidence was found to support a connection between tattoos and deployment. Few regretted their decisions and most all approached the tattoo experience free of any mind-altering substance. All this seems to suggest that military tattoos are a well-accepted means of self-expression.08/2013; 178(8):921-5. DOI:10.7205/MILMED-D-13-00131
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ABSTRACT: With the number of tattoos increasing, a rising number of complications have also been reported, such as allergic and foreign body reactions or the development of malignant tumors. We discuss 19 patients with alterations in skin tattoos, define clinicopathologic characteristics and give a brief review of the literature. Biopsy specimens were obtained in 13 of 19 patients. In all cases, staining was performed with hematoxylin-eosin, periodic acid-Schiff, CD68, CD123, and CD163. The inflammatory infiltrate was classified according to the pattern analysis of Ackerman. Three of 19 patients (15.8%) had temporary tattoos with henna and 16 (84.2%) had permanent tattoos. Histologically, among the 13 biopsy specimens we found signs of acute contact dermatitis in 2 (15.3%), lupus-like patterns in 2 (15.3%), foreign body dermatitis in 5 (38.4%), deposition of pigment without inflammation or simple scarring in 2 (15.3%), and tumors in 2 patients (15.2%), 1 of which was a malignant melanoma. Clinical presentation frequently, but not always, correlates with the histologic pattern. Obtaining a biopsy can be helpful in determining further investigations, for example allergy testing or a search for systemic involvement in cases of tattoo sarcoidosis.Journal der Deutschen Dermatologischen Gesellschaft 08/2013; 11(11). DOI:10.1111/ddg.12178 · 1.82 Impact Factor