A 23-year-old woman with a right femoral neck fracture.

University of Alabama, Birmingham, Department of Pathology, NP 3542, 1802 Sixth Ave S, Birmingham, AL 35249-7331, USA.
JAMA The Journal of the American Medical Association (Impact Factor: 30.39). 12/2011; 306(21):2385-6. DOI: 10.1001/jama.2011.1748
Source: PubMed
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    ABSTRACT: We examined the incidence and clinical and economic consequences of primary hyperparathyroidism in residents of Rochester, Minn, from 1965 through 1976; 90 cases were found. From January 1, 1965, to June 31, 1974, the average annual incidence was 7.8 +/- 1.2 (mean +/- S.D.) cases per 100,000 population. However, after the introduction of routine measurement of serum calcium, the average annual incidence rose to 51.1 +/- 9.6 cases per 100,000. Even after availability of routine measurement of serum calcium, the annual incidence of primary hyperparathyroidism among persons 39 years of age or younger remained below 10 cases per 100,000. However, the annual incidence increased sharply in persons 40 or more years of age, reaching 188 cases per 100,000 among women 60 years of age and over and 92 cases per 100,000 among men 60 and over. For the last 1.5 years of the study, the average annual age-adjusted incidence of primary hyperparathyroidism was 27.7 +/- 5.8 per 100,000. The frequency of urolithiasis fell from 51 to 4 per cent (P less than 0.001), and the proportion of cases without symptoms or complications of primary hyperparathyroidism rose from 18 to 51 per cent (P less than 0.005). The median charge in 1977 for diagnosis and treatment of primary hyperparathyroidism was $1700. (N Engl J Med 302:189-193, 1980).
    New England Journal of Medicine 02/1980; 302(4):189-93. DOI:10.1056/NEJM198001243020402 · 54.42 Impact Factor
  • Medical Clinics of North America 06/1955; New York No.:881-98. · 2.80 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To determine the relationship between anaemia and myelofibrosis in patients with symptomatic primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) and to assess the effect of curative parathyroidectomy on anaemia and marrow fibrosis. In this prospective follow-up study of 28 consecutive patients with symptomatic PHPT from January 2005 to June 2006, 15 patients were diagnosed with anaemia (haemoglobin < 130 g/l in males and < 120 g/l in females), eight (53%) of whom were finally recruited for the study. Complete blood cell count, serum calcium, phosphorus, alkaline phosphatase, intact PTH and 25-hydroxyvitamin D and bone marrow examination were performed both before and after parathyroidectomy in all (n = 8) patients, but bone marrow examination after surgery was performed only in those who had marrow fibrosis at baseline (n = 6). Anaemia was observed in 15 (53.3%) of the 28 patients with symptomatic PHPT. Normocytic normochromic anaemia that is characteristic of PHPT was found in 14 (50%) patients. Eight of the 15 patients with anaemia had a bone marrow examination and marrow fibrosis was observed in six (75%). Both anaemia and marrow fibrosis improved after successful parathyroidectomy, but improvement in anaemia was significant (P = 0.02) only in those with marrow fibrosis at baseline. Marrow fibrosis did not correlate with duration of the disease (P = 0.17), degree of hypercalcaemia (P = 0.53) or serum levels of intact PTH (P = 0.60). Anaemia is common in patients with symptomatic PHPT, and was associated with marrow fibrosis in the majority of the patients who underwent bone biopsy. Both anaemia and marrow fibrosis improved after curative parathyroidectomy, but improvement in anaemia was noticeable only in those who had marrow fibrosis at presentation.
    Clinical Endocrinology 09/2008; 70(4):527-32. DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2265.2008.03346.x · 3.35 Impact Factor