Effect of endoscopic screening at 1-year intervals on the clinicopathologic characteristics and treatment of gastric cancer in South Korea
ABSTRACT The recommended interval of endoscopic screening for gastric cancer (GC) in a general population is 2 years in Korea. However, it has not been determined whether endoscopic screening with a shorter interval is beneficial, especially for high-risk groups.
A total of 415 patients with GC were categorized according to whether they had (vigilant screening group) or not (non-vigilant screening group) undergone endoscopic screening within 1 year before being diagnosed with GC. Clinicopathologic GC characteristics of the two groups were compared. Next, the same analyses were conducted in subgroups of patients with high risk for GC including males, current smokers, first-degree relatives of GC; and patients with Helicobacter pylori infection, gastric atrophy, or intestinal metaplasia (IM).
The proportion of vigilant screening patients was 36.1%. Early gastric cancer (EGC) was more frequently observed in the vigilant screening group than the non-vigilant screening group (62.7% vs 49.4%, P = 0.009). In the high-risk factor analyses, EGC was more frequently detected among patients with severe IM in the vigilant screening group than the non-vigilant screening group (66.7% vs 35.5%, P = 0.047). In addition, more patients in the vigilant screening group had undergone endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD; 26.7% vs 0%, P = 0.008) and had stage I (84.6% vs 41.7%, P = 0.012) than in the non-vigilant screening group.
Endoscopic screening for GC at 1-year intervals would be beneficial for patients with severe IM in South Korea; this method could detect EGC for which the curative modality would be ESD.
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ABSTRACT: Gastric cancer is associated with high morbidity and mortal-ity worldwide. To reduce the socioeconomic burden related to gastric cancer, it is very important to identify and manage high risk group for gastric cancer. In this review, we describe the general risk factors for gastric cancer and define high risk group for gastric cancer. We discuss strategies for the effective management of patients for the prevention and early detection of gastric cancer. Atrophic gastritis (AG) and intestinal metaplasia (IM) are the most significant risk fac-tors for gastric cancer. Therefore, the accurate selection of individuals with AG and IM may be a key strategy for the prevention and/or early detection of gastric cancer. Although endoscopic evaluation using enhanced technologies such as narrow band imaging-magnification, the serum pepsinogen test, Helicobacter pylori serology, and trefoil factor 3 have been evaluated, a gold standard method to accurately select individuals with AG and IM has not emerged. In terms of managing patients at high risk of gastric cancer, it remains uncertain whether H. pylori eradication reverses and/or prevents the progression of AG and IM. Although endoscopic surveillance in high risk patients is expected to be beneficial, further prospective studies in large populations are needed to determine the optimal surveillance interval. (Gut Liver 2015;9:5-17).Gut and liver 01/2015; 9(1):5-17. DOI:10.5009/gnl14118 · 1.81 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Atrophic gastritis (AG) and intestinal metaplasia (IM) are the main precursor lesions of gastric cancer as the incidence of gastric cancer increases in the gastric mucosa involved with AG and IM. The prevalence of AG and IM vary depending on countries, even it represents diverse results in the same nation. Usually AG is antecedent of IM but the etiologies of AG and IM are not always the same. The sensitivity and specificity of diagnostic methods to detect AG and IM are different. Furthermore, the management strategy of AG and IM has not been established, yet. Helicobacter pylori infection has been proved as the most important cause of AG and IM. Thus the eradication of H. pylori is very important to prevent the progression to gastric cancer which is still placed in the high rank in morbidity and mortality among cancers. However, the reversibility of AG and IM by eradication of H. pylori which was assumed to be certain by meta-analysis is; however, controversial now. Therefore, the understanding and early diagnosis of AG and IM are very important, especially, in high incidence area of gastric cancer such as Republic of Korea.03/2015; 20(1):25-40. DOI:10.15430/JCP.2015.20.1.25