[Expanded newborn screening in the Region of Murcia, Spain. Three-years experience.]
ABSTRACT BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The early detection of inborn errors of metabolism by mass spectrometry allows expanding the traditional neonatal screening of phenylketonuria and congenital hypothyroidism to test for aminoacidopathies, fatty acid oxidation disorders and organic acid metabolic disorders. Cystic fibrosis and biotinidase deficiency screening is implemented in the Region of Murcia. The aim of the study is to describe our experience in the expanded neonatal screening and to define the prevalence of each of the metabolic disorders early detected. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Since March 2007 until October 2010, a total of 71,595 neonates were screened with this expanded program by mass spectrometry, fluoroimmunoassay or colorimetric methods. RESULTS: Thirty-eight patients (prevalence 1:1,884) were diagnosed of inborn errors of metabolism by mass spectrometry, 13 patients of cystic fibrosis (prevalence 1:5,507), 38 of congenital hypothyroidism (prevalence 1:1,884) and one of biotinidase deficiency. To date, the global frequency of inborn errors of metabolism is estimated to be 1:804. The positive predictive value for the results obtained by mass spectrometry was 20.25%. Two false negative patients were not identified (cystic fibrosis and methylmalonic aciduria patients) and 6 non neonatal patients were detected through expanded neonatal screening. CONCLUSIONS: Our data support the necessity of unifying the set of metabolic diseases to be screened in all Regions of Spain for early detection of a defined panel of inborn errors of metabolism and to provide every newborn the same opportunities to be early diagnosed.
- Medicina Clínica 05/2013; · 1.25 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Mineral bone disease is more common in phenylketonuric patients. The objectives of this study were to determine the usefulness of biochemical bone markers to identify phenylketonuric patients with mineral bone disease (MBD) and know the underlying bone remodeling alterations. Cross-sectional study of 43 phenylketonuric patients>7 years (range: 7.1-41 years). A nutritional survey was performed and bone alkaline phosphatase (BAP), procollagen type 1 N-terminal propeptide (PNP-1), beta-crosslaps and ratio calcium/creatinine in urine were determined. A percentage of 20.9 of patients had pathological biochemical bone markers, 90% of them being adults. BAP was decreased in 70% of them and beta-crosslaps in 42.8%. BAP values were more often pathological in phenylketonuric patients with a late diagnosis (41.7 vs. 10.7%; P<.05) and in patients with MBD (60 vs. 14.3%; P<.05). PNP-1 values and calcium/creatinine were similar among all phenylketonuric patients regardless of presenting MBD, late diagnosis or tetrahydrobipterin treatment (enzyme cofactor). Patients with decreased BAP and beta-crosslaps had lower natural protein intake: BAP (0.21±0.13 vs. 0.65±0.65g/kg; P<.05); beta-crosslaps (0.29±0.23 vs. 0.65±0.66g/kg; P<.05). None of the tetrahydrobiopterin treated patients showed altered values of BAP, PNP-1 or calcium/creatinine. Adult phenylketonuric patients with lower natural protein intake tend to have lower values of BAP, which is a marker that may be useful to identify patients at risk for MBD.Medicina Clínica 02/2014; · 1.25 Impact Factor
Article: [Reply.]Medicina Clínica 05/2013; · 1.25 Impact Factor