Making a Case for Anterior Inferior Iliac Spine/Subspine Hip Impingement: Three Representative Case Reports and Proposed Concept
ABSTRACT Femoroacetabular impingement is typically described as occurring due to a conflict between the femoral head-neck junction and acetabular rim. A prior case report described an open decompression of the anterior inferior iliac spine (AIIS) due to impingement against the proximal femur. AIIS impingement may be developmental or the result of a prior AIIS avulsion or pelvic osteotomy. We describe 3 representative cases with minimum 1-year follow-up treated with an arthroscopic AIIS decompression.
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ABSTRACT: Avulsion fractures of the anterior inferior iliac spine are uncommon and such injuries are caused by the sudden forceful contraction of the straight head of rectus femoris muscle while the hip is hyperextended and the knee is flexed.05/2015; 15. DOI:10.1016/j.ijscr.2015.04.025
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ABSTRACT: Purpose Extra-articular hip impingement can be the result of psoas impingement (PI), subspine impingement (SSI), ischiofemoral impingement (IFI), and greater trochanteric/pelvic impingement (GTPI). Symptoms may be due to bony abutment or soft-tissue irritation, and often, it is a challenge to differentiate among symptoms preoperatively. Currently, the clinical picture and diagnostic criteria are still being refined for these conditions. This systematic review was conducted to examine each condition and elucidate the indications for, treatment options for, and clinical outcomes of surgical management. Methods We searched online databases (Medline, Embase, and PubMed) for English-language clinical studies published from database inception through December 31, 2013, addressing the surgical treatment of PI, SSI, IFI, and GTPI. For each condition, 2 independent assessors reviewed eligible studies. Descriptive statistics are presented. Results Overall, 9,521 studies were initially retrieved; ultimately, 14 studies were included examining 333 hips. For PI, arthroscopic surgery resulted in 88% of patients achieving good to excellent results, as well as significant improvements in the Harris Hip Score (P = .008), Hip Outcome Score–Activities of Daily Living (P = .02), and Hip Outcome Score–Sport (P = .04). For SSI, arthroscopic decompression, with no major complications, resulted in a mean 18.5° improvement in flexion range of motion, as well as improvements in pain (mean visual analog scale score of 5.9 points preoperatively and 1.2 points postoperatively) and the modified Harris Hip Score (mean of 64.97 points preoperatively and 91.3 points postoperatively). For both IFI and GTPI, open procedures anecdotally improved patient symptoms, with no formal objective outcomes data reported. Conclusions This review suggests that there is some evidence to support that surgical treatment, by arthroscopy for PI and SSI and by open surgery for IFI and GTPI, results in improved patient outcomes. Level of Evidence Systematic review of Level IV and V (case report) studies.Arthroscopy The Journal of Arthroscopic and Related Surgery 01/2014; · 3.19 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Abstract Acetabular retroversion has been recently implicated as an important factor in the development of femoral acetabular impingement and hip osteoarthritis. The proper function of the hip joint requires that the anatomic features of the acetabulum and femoral head complement one another. In acetabular retroversion, the alignment of the acetabulum is altered where it opens in a posterolaterally instead of anterior direction. Changes in acetabular orientation can occur with alterations in pelvic tilt (anterior/posterior), and pelvic rotation (left/right). An overlooked problem that alters pelvic tilt and rotation, often seen by physical therapists, is sacroiliac joint dysfunction. A unique feature that develops in patients with sacroiliac joint dysfunction (SIJD) is asymmetry between the left and right innominate bones that can alter pelvic tilt and rotation. This article puts forth a theory suggesting that acetabular retroversion may be produced by sacroiliac joint dysfunction.Physiotherapy Theory and Practice 12/2013; DOI:10.3109/09593985.2013.867558