Safety of cold polypectomy for < 10 mm polyps at colonoscopy: a prospective multicenter study
ABSTRACT Cold polypectomy techniques (without electrocautery) by means of biopsy forceps or snare are widely adopted for the removal of subcentimetric polyps. However, few data are available on the safety of this approach. The aim of this study was to assess the safety of cold polypectomy for subcentimetric polyps, as well as the rate of advanced neoplasia in these lesions.
In a prospective multicenter trial, consecutive patients with at least one < 10-mm polyp at colonoscopy were prospectively included. All of the < 10-mm polyps detected within the study period were removed by cold polypectomy. The rates of immediate or delayed bleeding and other complications were assessed at 7 and 30 days after cold polypectomy by telephone calls. The rate of advanced histology was also assessed. Predictive variables of postpolypectomy bleeding or advanced neoplasia were identified by multivariate analysis.
A total of 1015 < 10-mm polyps in 823 patients (15.5 % on antiplatelet agents) were removed. Of these, 822 (81 %) were ≤ 5 mm and 193 (19 %) were 6 - 9 mm. Immediate postpolypectomy bleeding occurred in 18 patients, corresponding to a per-patient and per-polyp bleeding rate of 2.2 % (95 % confidence interval [CI] 1.2 % - 3.2 %) and 1.8 % (95 %CI 1 % - 2.6 %), respectively. Therapy with antiplatelet agents (odds ratio [OR] 4; 95 %CI 1.5 - 10.6) and larger polyp size (OR 2; 95 %CI 1.1 - 6.9) were independent predictors of bleeding. Bleeding was successfully treated by endoscopic hemostasis in all cases and required no further medical intervention. Advanced neoplasia prevalence in polyps ≤ 5 mm was as high as 8.7 %.
The results from this study showed the high safety of a cold polypectomy approach for subcentimetric polyps. This was due to the low rate of postpolypectomy bleeding and to the high efficacy of endoscopic hemostasis in its treatment. The high rate of advanced neoplasia in polyps ≤ 5 mm should prompt some caution on the management of these lesions following detection at computed tomography colonography or colon capsule endoscopy.
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ABSTRACT: Most colonoscopic complications are polypectomy-related and occur more frequently during the removal of numerous small polyps. Therefore, it is important to have the best polypectomy approach of small polyps. The aim of the present animal study was to investigate the effectiveness and safety of cold snare polypectomy (CSP) technique combined with light pull of the snare in order to peel the mucosal and upper submucosal layer, namely pull CSP (PCSP), for the removal of polyps sized up to 12 mm in porcine models. We performed a series of polypectomies in the pig colon with a double-channel experimental gastroscope using PCSP technique. Thirty cases of "polyps" larger than 7 mm and up to 12 mm were treated using PCSP technique. No sign of perforation or bleeding was observed in all cases performed with PCSP. According to our preliminary results in this animal model, PCSP could be a safe and effective technique for flat colonic polyp removal up to 12 mm in size consistent with the basic polypectomy principles.Annals of Gastroenterology 01/2015; 28(1):141-143.
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ABSTRACT: The accurate detection of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori), a major cause of gastric cancer, is essential for managing infected patients. Among various diagnostic methods, histology plays a pivotal role in detecting H. pylori and it also provided more information about the degree of inflammation and associated pathology, such as, atrophic gastritis (AG), intestinal metaplasia (IM), and gastric cancer. The diagnosis of H. pylori could be performed in hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) staining, however the specificity can be improved by special stains such as modified Giemsa, Warthin-Starry silver, Genta, and immunohistochemical (IHC) stains. Thus, at least two kinds of stain methods are recommended for diagnosis in practice; H&E staining is routine and Giemsa stain seems to have advantage over other stains because of its simplicity and consistency. IHC stain may be useful in special situations. However, histology has several limitations, including higher cost, longer turnaround time, dependence on the skills of the operator, and interobserver variability in assessment. Furthermore, the density of H. pylori can vary at different sites, possibly leading to sampling error, and the sensitivity of histology may decrease in patients taking proton pump inhibitor (PPI). The updated Sydney system recommend to take five biopsy specimens from different sites; however if this is not possible, the gastric body greater curvature could be a better site to detect current H. pylori infections, especially in the presence of peptic ulcer bleeding, AG and IM, or gastric cancer. In the presence of peptic ulcer bleeding, histology is also the most reliable test. PPIs can affect the result of histology and should be stopped 2 weeks before testing. Postbiopsy bleeding may be increased in patients with anticoagulation therapy, so careful precautions should be taken.
Article: Small Colorectal Polyps[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Small (<10 mm) and diminutive (<6 mm) polyps harbour high-grade dysplasia or cancer in 0.3-5% of cases. The potential to grow and develop advanced histology is low. Traditional guidelines still recommend the removal of all polyps. Visual characterisation with modern endoscopic technology could enable us to leave diminutive hyperplastic polyps in situ and remove but discard small polyps. In expert hands, high-definition white-light endoscopy and virtual chromoendoscopy can reach an accuracy of more than 90% in distinguishing between hyperplastic and adenomatous pathology. For less experienced endoscopists the values are lower and therefore the concept is not yet fit for routine use. Polyps can be removed completely with snares but not with forceps. The cold snaring technique in particular has proved safe and effective for small polyps. With more experience in the future a 'cut and discard' strategy for small polyps and a 'do not resect' strategy for diminutive polyps will save money and time to deal with more advanced lesions. © 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel.Digestive Diseases 01/2015; 33(1):38-41. DOI:10.1159/000366034 · 1.83 Impact Factor