Pyogenic Liver Abscess as the Initial Manifestation of Underlying Hepatocellular Carcinoma
ABSTRACT Pyogenic liver abscess and hepatocellular carcinoma are common in Taiwan. We investigated the frequency of, risk factors for, and prognosis of pyogenic liver abscess as the initial manifestation of underlying hepatocellular carcinoma over a 12-year period in Taiwan.
We extracted 32,454 patients with pyogenic liver abscess from a nationwide health registry in Taiwan during the period 1997-2008. The frequency of and risk factors for pyogenic liver abscess as the initial manifestation of underlying hepatocellular carcinoma were determined. The prognosis of these patients was compared with patients with hepatocellular carcinoma but without liver abscess.
A total of 698 (2.15%) patients presented with liver abscess as the initial manifestation of underlying hepatocellular carcinoma during the 12-year period. Liver cirrhosis, hepatitis B virus infection, hepatitis C virus infection, and age ≥65 years were independent risk factors for liver abscess as the initial manifestation of underlying hepatocellular carcinoma. Furthermore, these patients had a lower 2-year survival rate than patients with hepatocellular carcinoma but without liver abscess (30% vs 37%; P=.004).
The prognosis of patients who presented with pyogenic liver abscess as the initial manifestation of underlying hepatocellular carcinoma was poor. Physicians should not ignore the possibility of underlying hepatocellular carcinoma in patients with risk factors for the disease in regions with a high prevalence of both pyogenic liver abscess and hepatocellular carcinoma.
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ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Klebsiella pneumoniae liver abscess (KPLA) has been reported with increasing frequency in East Asian countries in the past 3 decades, especially in Taiwan and Korea. Diabetes is a well-known risk factor for KPLA and highly associated with septic metastatic complications from KPLA. We investigated the association of glycemic control in diabetic patients with the clinical characteristics of KPLA in Taiwan. METHODS: Adult diabetic patients with KPLA were identified retrospectively in a medical center from January 2007 to January 2012. Clinical characteristics were compared among patients with different levels of current hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c). Risk factors for metastatic infection from KPLA were analyzed. RESULTS: Patients with uncontrolled glycemia (HbA1c >= 7 %) were significantly younger than those with controlled glycemia (HbA1c <7 %). Patients with uncontrolled glycemia had the trend to have a higher rate of gas-forming liver abscess, cryptogenic liver abscess, and metastatic infection than those with controlled glycemia. Cryptogenic liver abscess and metastatic infection were more common in the poor glycemic control group (HbA1c value >10%) after adjustment with age. HbA1c level and abscess <5 cm were independent risk factors for metastatic complications from KPLA. CONCLUSIONS: Glycemic control in diabetic patients played an essential role in the clinical characteristics of KPLA, especially in metastatic complications from KPLA.BMC Infectious Diseases 01/2013; 13(1):56. DOI:10.1186/1471-2334-13-56 · 2.56 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Taiwan is endemic for pyogenic liver abscess (PLA). Septic ocular or central nervous system (CNS) complications derived from PLA can result in catastrophic disability. We investigated the epidemiology and long-term prognosis of PLA patients with septic ocular or CNS complications over an 8-year period. We extracted 21,307 patients with newly diagnosed PLA from a nationwide health registry in Taiwan between 2000 and 2007. The frequency of and risk factors for PLA with septic ocular or CNS complications were determined. The 2-year survival of these patients was compared between those with and without septic ocular or CNS complications. Septic ocular or CNS complications accounted for 2.1% of all PLA patients. Age and the Charlson comorbidity index were significantly lower in PLA patients with ocular or CNS complications than those without. Diabetes and age <65 years were independent predictors of septic ocular or CNS complications. The 2-year mortality of patients with septic ocular or CNS complications was similar to those without complications (24.8% vs. 27.5%, p = 0.502). However, among patients <65 years old and a Charlson index ≤ 1, the 2-year mortality was significantly higher in those with than without complications (18.6% vs. 11.8%, p = 0.001). Physicians should recognize that catastrophic disability due to ocular or neurological complications from PLA could lead to a poor long-term prognosis, and should follow-up these patients more closely.PLoS ONE 03/2012; 7(3):e33978. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0033978 · 3.53 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Background: There have been no large-scale population-based studies to estimate the subsequent risk of primary liver cancer (PLC) among patients with pyogenic liver abscess (PLA). This study aimed to provide relevant data. Materials and Methods: The Taiwan Longitudinal Health Insurance Database for the years 2000 and 2005 was used. The PLA group were adult inpatients who were newly diagnosed with PLA from 2000 to 2008. The control group was randomly selected and matched with the PLA group in terms of age, sex, and date in which medical treatment was sought other than for PLA. Results: There were 1,987 patients each in the PLA and control groups. In total, 56 had PLC, 48 (2.4%, 601.5 per 100,000 person-years) from the PLA group, and 8 from the control group. After adjusting for potential covariates, the hazard ratio of PLC for the PLA group was 3.4 times that of the control group (95% confidence interval = 1.6-7.3, p <0.001). The PLC risk for the PLA group was significantly higher within the first year after PLA diagnosis (hazard ratio: 35.4) as compared with the control group and became insignificant (hazard ratio: 2.0, 95% confidence interval = 0.8-4.9) more than one year after PLA diagnosis. Conclusions: Patients with PLA have a higher rate of PLC than matched controls, especially within the first year after the diagnosis of PLA, suggesting PLA is a warning sign for PLC.Asian Pacific journal of cancer prevention: APJCP 08/2013; 14(8):4727-4731. DOI:10.7314/APJCP.2013.14.8.4727 · 1.50 Impact Factor