Frequency of Subtypes of Biliary Intraductal Papillary Mucinous Neoplasm and Their MUC1, MUC2, and DPC4 Expression Patterns Differ from Pancreatic Intraductal Papillary Mucinous Neoplasm
ABSTRACT Biliary intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm (B-IPMN) has been proposed as a unique clinicopathologic disease with distinct histopathologic features, although wide acceptance remains controversial. A recent consensus conference classified pancreatic IPMN (P-IPMN) into 4 subtypes (ie, gastric, intestinal, pancreatobiliary, oncocytic) based on morphologic appearance and mucin (MUC) staining properties. The aim of this study was to determine whether B-IPMN has similar histopathologic and immunologic subtypes to P-IPMN.
Specific immunostaining for MUC1, MUC2, and deleted for pancreas cancer, locus 4 were performed on specimens from 19 patients with a histopathologic diagnosis of B-IPMN. Immunostaining patterns of B-IPMN were correlated with histopathology.
Based on histopathology, the following subtypes of B-IPMN were identified: pancreatobiliary n = 9 (47%), intestinal n = 8 (42%), oncocytic n = 2 (11%), and gastric n = 0 (0%). Pancreatobiliary and oncocytic subtypes of B-IPMN were positive for MUC1 and negative for MUC2, and intestinal subtypes were positive for MUC2 and negative for MUC1. Thirteen of the 19 B-IPMN were associated with invasive carcinoma; loss of deleted for pancreas cancer, locus 4 was found in 6 of 13 invasive components and in 3 of 19 noninvasive components of B-IPMN. Five-year survival for patients with resected B-IPMN and invasive carcinoma was 38%, which is similar to that for resected P-IPMN with invasive carcinoma.
Histopathologic subtypes and type-specific MUC expression patterns of B-IPMN resemble those of P-IPMN. MUC1 expression and/or absence of MUC2 expression, which correlate with aggressive features of P-IPMN, were found in B-IPMN and correlate with invasive B-IPMN. Loss of deleted for pancreas cancer, locus 4 parallels the findings observed in P-IPMN. These findings provide additional support that B-IPMN is a unique entity with similarities to main duct P-IPMN.
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ABSTRACT: Pancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is a malignant neoplasm and is the fourth leading cause of cancer-related deaths in US with a 5-year survival rate less than 5%. Surgery is the only potentially curative treatment even though the result is a palliation in the majority of cases and the majority of lesions are lately diagnosed. Progression from normal pancreatic epithelium to metastatic disease is now a well-characterized sequence of events. Research has shown that pancreatic cancer is fundamentally a genetic disease with several biological pathway implied in apoptosis, cell proliferation and self-sufficiency in growth signaling, but how those findings could be applied in daily clinical practice remain unknown. Several studies tried to characterize diagnostic and prognostic biomarkers in PDAC to make it possible an earlier diagnosis, guarantee a more effective treatment and reach a better prognosis even though the results remain contrasting. The main limit of the published researches is the small number of patients studied, but even the heterogeneity of the used methods of analysis. Examining critically the research of the last years future trials may be addressed toward a translational models integrating "the bench and the bed" with the clinical experience and drive the basic research toward the clinical applications.Surgical Oncology 09/2012; 21(4):e171-82. DOI:10.1016/j.suronc.2012.07.004 · 3.27 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Intraductal papillary neoplasm of the bile duct (IPNB) is a variant of bile duct carcinoma characterized by intraductal growth and better outcome compared with the more common nodular-sclerosing type. IPNB is a recognized precursor of invasive carcinoma, but its pathogenesis and natural history are ill-defined. This study examines the clinicopathologic features and outcomes of IPNB. A consecutive cohort of patients with bile duct cancer (hilar, intrahepatic, or distal) was reviewed, and those with papillary histologic features identified. Histopathologic findings and immunohistochemical staining for tumor markers and for cytokeratin and mucin proteins were used to classify IPNB into subtypes. Survival data were analyzed and correlated with clinical and pathologic parameters. Thirty-nine IPNBs were identified in hilar (23/144), intrahepatic (4/86), and distal (12/113) bile duct specimens between 1991 and 2010. Histopathologic examination revealed 27 pancreatobiliary, four gastric, two intestinal, and six oncocytic subtypes; results of cytokeratin and mucin staining were similar to those of intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm (IPMN) of the pancreas. Invasive carcinoma was seen in 29/39 (74%) IPNBs. Overall median survival was 62 months and was not different between IPNB locations or subtypes. Factors associated with a worse median survival included presence and depth of tumor invasion, margin-positive resection, and expression of MUC1 and CEA. Conclusion: IPNBs are an uncommon variant of bile duct cancer, representing approximately 10% of all resectable cases. They occur throughout the biliary tract, share some histologic and clinical features with IPMNs of the pancreas, and may represent a carcinogenesis pathway different from that of conventional bile duct carcinomas arising from flat dysplasia. Given their significant risk of harboring invasive carcinoma, they should be treated with complete resection. (HEPATOLOGY 2012).Hepatology 10/2012; 56(4):1352-60. DOI:10.1002/hep.25786 · 11.06 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Background Small intestinal adenocarcinomas (SACs) are rare malignancies of the alimentary tract with uncertain carcinogenesis. Methods We investigated the expression of deleted in pancreatic cancer 4 (DPC4) in 188 cases of surgically resected SACs, using tissue microarray technology. Results Twenty-four of the 188 tumors showed complete loss of Smad4/DPC4 expression in cytoplasm (score, 0; 12.8%). Eighty-four and 31 cases were moderately and strongly positive, respectively (score, 2 and 3; 44.7% and 16.5%, respectively) and 49 cases were focally or weakly stained (score, 1; 29.1%). Immunohistochemistry analysis showed that the expression of Smad4/DPC4 was related to an increased risk of lymphatic invasion but not to other clinicopathological features of the tumors (tumor location, differentiation, growth pattern, T stage, direct invasion, vascular invasion, and nodal metastasis). There was no significant association between Smad4/DPC4 expression and patient survival. Conclusions The present research is the first study to evaluate Smad4/DPC4 expression in a large sample of SACs with clinicopathologic correlation. Future studies should focus on the immunohistochemical and molecular characteristics of SACs to clarify their tumorigenesis.10/2012; 46(5):415-422. DOI:10.4132/KoreanJPathol.2012.46.5.415