Article

Wide-field optical sectioning for live-tissue imaging by plane-projection multiphoton microscopy

California Institute of Technology, Bioengineering, Pasadena, California 91125, USA.
Journal of Biomedical Optics (Impact Factor: 2.75). 11/2011; 16(11):116009. DOI: 10.1117/1.3647570
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Optical sectioning provides three-dimensional (3D) information in biological tissues. However, most imaging techniques implemented with optical sectioning are either slow or deleterious to live tissues. Here, we present a simple design for wide-field multiphoton microscopy, which provides optical sectioning at a reasonable frame rate and with a biocompatible laser dosage. The underlying mechanism of optical sectioning is diffuser-based temporal focusing. Axial resolution comparable to confocal microscopy is theoretically derived and experimentally demonstrated. To achieve a reasonable frame rate without increasing the laser power, a low-repetition-rate ultrafast laser amplifier was used in our setup. A frame rate comparable to that of epifluorescence microscopy was demonstrated in the 3D imaging of fluorescent protein expressed in live epithelial cell clusters. In this report, our design displays the potential to be widely used for video-rate live-tissue and embryo imaging with axial resolution comparable to laser scanning microscopy.

0 Followers
 · 
139 Views
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: In this study, the light diffraction of temporal focusing multiphoton excitation microscopy (TFMPEM) and the excitation patterning of nonlinear structured-illumination microscopy (NSIM) can be simultaneously and accurately implemented via a single high-resolution digital micromirror device. The lateral and axial spatial resolutions of the TFMPEM are remarkably improved through the second-order NSIM and projected structured light, respectively. The experimental results demonstrate that the lateral and axial resolutions are enhanced from 397 nm to 168 nm (2.4-fold) and from 2.33 μm to 1.22 μm (1.9-fold), respectively, in full width at the half maximum. Furthermore, a three-dimensionally rendered image of a cytoskeleton cell featuring ~25 nm microtubules is improved, with other microtubules at a distance near the lateral resolution of 168 nm also able to be distinguished.
    Biomedical Optics Express 08/2014; 5(8). DOI:10.1364/BOE.5.002526 · 3.50 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This Letter presents an enhanced temporal focusing-based multiphoton excitation (MPE) microscope in which the conventional diffraction grating is replaced by a digital micromirror device (DMD). Experimental results from imaging a thin fluorescence film show that the 4.0 μm axial resolution of the microscope is comparable with that of a setup incorporating a 600 lines/mm grating; hence, the optical sectioning ability of the proposed setup is demonstrated. Similar to a grating, the DMD diffracts illuminating light frequencies for temporal focusing; additionally, it generates arbitrary patterns. Since the DMD is placed on the image-conjugate plane of the objective lens' focal plane, the MPE pattern can be projected on the focal plane precisely.
    Optics Letters 06/2014; 39(11):3134-7. DOI:10.1364/OL.39.003134 · 3.18 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Temporal focusing (TF) nonlinear microscopy enables simultaneous illumination of relatively large areas while maintaining optical sectioning, by relying on the sensitivity of multiphoton processes to pulse duration. Line temporal focusing (LITEF) combines temporal focusing in one plane (xz) and spatial focusing in the perpendicular plane (yz). The additional spatial focusing improves optical sectioning compared to wide field temporal focusing and exhibits improved performance in scattering medium. Two photon microscopy's ultimate depth of penetration is limited by out-of-focus excitation. This work explores whether LITEF can be used to address this limitation. Here, we present experimental results displaying the feasibility of ultra-deep penetration two-photon excitation in scattering media (<<1mm) using LITEF without significant distortions or out-of-focus-excitation. Our experimental setup is based on an amplified 800nm ultrafast laser where a dual-prism grating (DPG) is used as a diffractive element, allowing light to propagate on-axis throughout the optical setup, and providing a high diffraction efficiency. These results present new opportunities for ultra deep, optically sectioned 3D two photon imaging and stimulation within scattering biological tissue, beyond the known out-of-focus excitation limit.
    Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering 02/2013; DOI:10.1117/12.2005402 · 0.20 Impact Factor

Preview

Download
6 Downloads