Selection of lipase producing yeasts for methanol-tolerant biocatalyst as whole cell application for palm-oil transesterification.
ABSTRACT Methanol-tolerant lipase producing yeast was successfully isolated and selected thorough ecological screening using palm oil-rhodamine B agar as one step-approach. All 49 lipase-producing yeasts exhibited the ability to catalyze esterification reaction of oleic acid and methanol at 3 molar equivalents. However, only 16 isolates catalyzed transesterification reaction of refined palm oil and methanol. Rhodotorula mucilagenosa P11I89 isolated from oil contaminated soil showed the strongest hydrolytic lipase activity of 1.2U/ml against palm oil. The production of oleic methyl ester and fatty acid methyl ester (FAME) of 64.123 and 51.260% was obtained from esterification and transesterification reaction catalyzed by whole cell of R. mucilagenosa P11I89 in the presence of methanol at 3 molar equivalents against the substrates, respectively. FAME content increased dramatically to 83.29% when 6 molar equivalents of methanol were added. Application of the methanol-tolerant-lipase producing yeast as a whole cell biocatalyst was effectively resolved major technical obstacles in term of enzyme stability and high cost of lipase, leading to the feasibility of green biodiesel industrialization.
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ABSTRACT: Free fatty acids (FFA), the uranyl ion, and the basic dye Rhodamine B form colored complexes, which are extractable into toluene or benzene. Fatty acids of different chain lengths above C(10) and different degrees of unsaturation gave constant molar yield. Complexes in toluene alone are unstable, especially in the light, but a small amount of aqueous uranyl acetate stabilizes them sufficiently for determination. At constant uranyl and Rhodamine B concentrations, a plot of optical density vs. FFA concentration yields two straight lines of different slope, i.e., a biphasic standard curve. Phospholipids interfere, and must be removed with zeolite during FFA extraction. Recovery of FFA added to rat plasma was very similar to that with titration. Assay of rat and dog plasma samples under fasting and fed conditions gave good agreement with the titration method. Values of human plasma samples tended to be higher by the colorimetric procedure; a few samples gave significant disagreement. The method compares well with previous methods in sensitivity and accuracy, and offers advantages in speed, simplicity, and possibly specificity.The Journal of Lipid Research 12/1967; 8(6):589-97. · 4.39 Impact Factor