Article

Changes in the expression of pituitary gonadotropin subunits during reproductive cycle of multiple spawning female chub mackerel Scomber japonicus

Laboratory of Marine Biology, Faculty of Agriculture, Kyushu University, Fukuoka, Japan.
Fish Physiology and Biochemistry (Impact Factor: 1.68). 11/2011; 38(3):883-97. DOI: 10.1007/s10695-011-9576-y
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The endocrine regulation of reproduction in a multiple spawning fish with an asynchronous-type ovary remains largely unknown. The objectives of this study were to monitor changes in the mRNA expression of three gonadotropin (GtH) subunits (GPα, FSHβ, and LHβ) during the reproductive cycle of the female chub mackerel Scomber japonicus. Cloning and subsequent sequence analysis revealed that the cDNAs of chub mackerel GPα, FSHβ, and LHβ were 658, 535, and 599 nucleotides in length and encoded 117, 115, and 147 amino acids, respectively. We applied a quantitative real-time PCR assay to quantify the mRNA expression levels of these GtH subunits. During the seasonal reproductive cycle, FSHβ mRNA levels remained high during the vitellogenic stages, while GPα and LHβ mRNA levels peaked at the end of vitellogenesis. The expression of all three GtH subunits decreased during the post-spawning period. These results suggest that follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) is involved in vitellogenesis, while luteinizing hormone (LH) functions during final oocyte maturation (FOM). Both GPα and FSHβ mRNA levels remained high during the FOM stages of the spawning cycle and increased further just after spawning. Thus, FSH synthesis may be strongly activated just after spawning to accelerate vitellogenesis in preparation for the next spawning. Alternatively, LHβ mRNA levels declined during hydration and then increased after ovulation. This study demonstrates that chub mackerel are a good model for investigating GtH functions in multiple spawning fish.

Download full-text

Full-text

Available from: Mitsuo Nyuji, Mar 21, 2014
3 Followers
 · 
151 Views
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: In vertebrates (including teleosts), the pivotal hierarchical factor in the control of gonadotropin secretion is the hypothalamic gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) decapeptide, which regulates the release of pituitary follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH). Recently, kisspeptins encoded by the Kiss1 gene have been shown to act as upstream endogenous regulators of GnRH neurons in mammals. The chub mackerel (Scomber japonicus) brain expresses two kiss genes (kiss1 and kiss2) that show sexually dimorphic expression profiles during the seasonal gonadal cycle. In the present study, we evaluated the biological potency of kisspeptin peptides to induce transcriptional changes in gnrh1 (hypophysiotropic GnRH form in this species), fshβ and lhβ during the immature stage of adult chub mackerel (2+ years old). Synthetic Kiss1 pentadecapeptide (Kiss1-15) or Kiss2 dodecapeptide (Kiss2-12) at a dose of 100ng were administered into the intracerebroventricular (ICV) region, and brains were sampled at 6 and 12h post-injection. In female fish, gnrh1 levels decreased in the presence of both kisspeptin peptides at 12h post-injection. No significant variation was observed in male fish. In contrast, ICV administration of Kiss2-12 (but not Kiss1-15) significantly increased fshβ and lhβ mRNAs at 12h post-injection compared to a saline injected control in both sexes. These results suggested that synthetic Kiss2-12 could induce transcriptional changes in gnrh1 and gths.
    Neuroscience Letters 01/2014; DOI:10.1016/j.neulet.2013.12.072 · 2.06 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The gonadotropins (GtHs), follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH), are heterodimers composed of a common α subunit (GPα) and a unique β subunit (FSHβ or LHβ); they are synthesized in and secreted from gonadotrophs (FSH and LH cells) in the pituitary. Little is known about the roles of FSH and LH during spermatogenesis in perciform fishes. In this study, we examined immunoreactive changes in FSH and LH cells, and changes in the gene expression of the three gonadotropin subunits in the pituitary of male chub mackerel Scomber japonicus during testicular development. FSHβ-immunoreactive (ir) and LHβ-ir cell area were measured immuno-histochemically based on the FSH and LH cell-occupying area in the proximal pars distalis. The FSHβ-ir cell area increased significantly during spermiation, while FSHβ mRNA levels, already high at the beginning of spermatogenesis, increased further, peaking during spermiation. In contrast, LHβ-ir cell area and LHβ mRNA levels, which were low at the beginning of spermatogenesis, increased significantly during late spermatogenesis, peaking during spermiation. For both FSH and LH, GtHβ-ir cell area and GtHβ mRNA levels decreased until gonadal resting. GPα mRNA levels showed similar changes to LHβ mRNA levels. These results suggest that in the chub mackerel, FSH may play an important role in the early and late phases of spermatogenesis, and that LH may play a role during late spermatogenesis and spermiation. Moreover, our results demonstrate that changes in GtHβ-ir cell area were accompanied by similar changes in the expression of the FSHβ and LHβ genes, both of which increased during testicular development.
    ZOOLOGICAL SCIENCE 09/2012; 29(9):623-9. DOI:10.2108/zsj.29.623 · 0.88 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The jack mackerel Trachurus japonicus is a key commercially exploited fish species in Japan. The rearing experiment often provides information that is useful for understanding the reproductive characteristics of wild stocks; however, there has been no study on spawning in captive T. japonicus. In the study reported here, we induced spawning in T. japonicus caught in the wild by hook and line. Females with fully vitellogenic oocytes and males during spermiation were selected by gonadal biopsy and injected with gonadotropin-releasing hormone analog (GnRHa) mixed in molten coconut butter. This treatment was performed four times in different groups of four females and five to eight males, and each group was maintained in a 3-m3 concrete tank. We observed the first spawning at 1 or 2 days post-injection and collected between 41,690 and 149,450 eggs. Spawning was recorded on 18 consecutive days in one experiment and for 3 days continuously in the other experiments. In the former, spawning ended when the water temperature reached 23 °C and occurred mainly between 2100 and 2400 hours. These results indicate that GnRHa-induced spawning may be useful for evaluating the reproductive characteristics of T. japonicus and obtaining fertilized eggs to conduct larval experiments.
    Fisheries Science 03/2013; 79(2). DOI:10.1007/s12562-013-0599-4 · 0.86 Impact Factor