Dynamics of the G protein-coupled vasopressin V2 receptor signaling network revealed by quantitative phosphoproteomics.
ABSTRACT G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) regulate diverse physiological processes, and many human diseases are due to defects in GPCR signaling. To identify the dynamic response of a signaling network downstream from a prototypical G(s)-coupled GPCR, the vasopressin V2 receptor, we have carried out multireplicate, quantitative phosphoproteomics with iTRAQ labeling at four time points following vasopressin exposure at a physiological concentration in cells isolated from rat kidney. A total of 12,167 phosphopeptides were identified from 2,783 proteins, with 273 changing significantly in abundance with vasopressin. Two-dimensional clustering of phosphopeptide time courses and Gene Ontology terms revealed that ligand binding to the V2 receptor affects more than simply the canonical cyclic adenosine monophosphate-protein kinase A and arrestin pathways under physiological conditions. The regulated proteins included key components of actin cytoskeleton remodeling, cell-cell adhesion, mitogen-activated protein kinase signaling, Wnt/β-catenin signaling, and apoptosis pathways. These data suggest that vasopressin can regulate an array of cellular functions well beyond its classical role in regulating water and solute transport. These results greatly expand the current view of GPCR signaling in a physiological context and shed new light on potential roles for this signaling network in disorders such as polycystic kidney disease. Finally, we provide an online resource of physiologically regulated phosphorylation sites with dynamic quantitative data (http://helixweb.nih.gov/ESBL/Database/TiPD/index.html).
- SourceAvailable from: Francesco TrepiccionePLoS ONE 03/2015; 10(3):e0119142. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0119142 · 3.53 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Several cytoplasmic proteins that are involved in G protein-coupled receptor signalling cascades are known to translocate to the plasma membrane upon receptor activation, such as beta-arrestin2. Based on this example and in order to identify new cytoplasmic proteins implicated in the ON-and-OFF cycle of G protein-coupled receptor, a live-imaging screen of fluorescently-labeled cytoplasmic proteins was performed using translocation criteria. The screening of 193 fluorescently-tagged human proteins identified 8 proteins that responded to activation of the tachykinin NK2 receptor by a change in their intracellular localization. Previously we have presented the functional characterization of one of these proteins, REDD1, that translocates to the plasma membrane. Here we report the results of the entire screening. The process of cell activation was recorded on videos at different time points and all the videos can be visualized on a dedicated website. The proteins BAIAP3 and BIN1, partially translocated to the plasma membrane upon activation of NK2 receptors. Proteins ARHGAP12 and PKM2 translocated towards membrane blebs. Three proteins that associate with the cytoskeleton were of particular interest : PLEKHH2 rearranged from individual dots located near the cell-substrate adhesion surface into lines of dots. The speriolin-like protein, SPATC1L, redistributed to cell-cell junctions. The Chloride intracellular Channel protein, CLIC2, translocated from actin-enriched plasma membrane bundles to cell-cell junctions upon activation of NK2 receptors. CLIC2, and one of its close paralogs, CLIC4, were further shown to respond with the same translocation pattern to muscarinic M3 and lysophosphatidic LPA receptors. This screen allowed us to identify potential actors in signalling pathways downstream of G protein-coupled receptors and could be scaled-up for high-content screening. Copyright © 2015, The American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology.Molecular & Cellular Proteomics 03/2015; 14(5). DOI:10.1074/mcp.M114.046698 · 7.25 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Blockade of the vasopressin-2 receptor (V2R) in the kidney has recently emerged as a promising therapeutic strategy in autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease. The pathophysiologic basis of V2R-dependent cyst proliferation and disease progression, however, is not fully understood. Recent evidence suggests that polycystic kidney disease is characterized by defects in urinary concentrating mechanisms and subsequent deregulation of vasopressin excretion by the neurohypophysis. On the cellular level, several recent studies revealed unexpected crosstalk of signaling pathways downstream of V2R activation in the kidney epithelium. This review summarizes some of the unexpected roles of V2R signaling and suggests that vasopressin signaling itself may contribute crucially to loss of polarity and enhanced proliferation in cystic kidney epithelium.Journal of the American Society of Nephrology 02/2014; 25(6). DOI:10.1681/ASN.2013101037 · 9.47 Impact Factor