Single-Photon Diode by Exploiting the Photon Polarization in a Waveguide
ABSTRACT A single-photon optical diode operates on individual photons and allows unidirectional propagation of photons. By exploiting the unique polarization configuration in a waveguide, we show here that a single-photon optical diode can be accomplished by coupling a quantum impurity to a passive, linear optical waveguide which possesses a locally planar, circular polarization. We further show that the diode provides a near unitary contrast for an input pulse with finite frequency bandwidth and can be implemented in a variety of types of waveguides. Moreover, the performance of the diode is not sensitive to the intrinsic dissipation of the quantum impurity.
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ABSTRACT: We describe an approach to optical non-reciprocity that exploits the local helicity of evanescent electric fields in axisymmetric resonators. By interfacing an optical cavity to helicity-sensitive transitions, such as Zeeman levels in a quantum dot, light transmission through a waveguide becomes direction-dependent when the state degeneracy is lifted. Using a linearized quantum master equation, we analyze the configurations that exhibit non-reciprocity, and we show that reasonable parameters from existing cavity QED experiments are sufficient to demonstrate a coherent non-reciprocal optical isolator operating at the level of a single photon.Optics Express 04/2014; 22(13). DOI:10.1364/OE.22.016099 · 3.53 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: A quantum emitter efficiently coupled to a nanophotonic waveguide constitutes a promising system for the realization of single-photon transistors, quantum-logic gates based on giant single-photon nonlinearities, and high bit-rate deterministic single-photon sources. The key figure of merit for such devices is the beta-factor, which is the probability for an emitted single photon to be channeled into a desired waveguide mode. Here we report on the experimental achievement of beta = 98.43 +- 0.04% for a quantum dot coupled to a photonic-crystal waveguide. This constitutes a nearly ideal photon-matter interface where the quantum dot acts effectively as a 1D "artificial" atom since it interacts almost exclusively with just a single propagating optical mode. The beta-factor is found to be remarkably robust to variations in position and emission wavelength of the quantum dots. Our work demonstrates the extraordinary potential of photonic-crystal waveguides for highly efficient single-photon generation and on-chip photon-photon interaction.Physical Review Letters 02/2014; 113(9). DOI:10.1103/PhysRevLett.113.093603 · 7.73 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Single-photon scattering properties in a coupled-resonator waveguide (CRW) coupled to a nanocavity embedded with a two-level system are investigated theoretically. Two cases are considered: when the nanocavity is locally coupled to one resonator and when it is nonlocally coupled to two resonators of the CRW. The transmission and reflection amplitudes are obtained for the two cases, respectively. The results show that the position of perfect transmission remains unchanged, while the position of perfect reflection is shifted due to the nonlocal coupling. An asymmetric Fano resonance appears in the transmission spectrum and can be controlled by adjusting the coupling strengths in the nonlocal coupling case. The effects of the coupling strengths and dissipation on the transport properties are also analyzed for the two cases.Physical Review A 05/2012; 85(5):53840-. DOI:10.1103/PhysRevA.85.053840 · 2.99 Impact Factor