Article

# Self-assembly of a colloidal interstitial solid with tunable sublattice doping.

Soft Condensed Matter, Debye Institute for NanoMaterials Science, Utrecht University, Utrecht, the Netherlands.

Physical Review Letters (Impact Factor: 7.73). 10/2011; 107(16):168302. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.107.168302 Source: PubMed

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**ABSTRACT:**We present the phase diagram of hard snowman-shaped particles calculated using Monte Carlo simulations and free energy calculations. The snowman particles consist of two hard spheres rigidly attached at their surfaces. We find a rich phase behavior with isotropic, plastic crystal, and aperiodic crystal phases. The crystalline phases found to be stable for a given sphere diameter ratio correspond mostly to the close packed structures predicted for equimolar binary hard-sphere mixtures of the same diameter ratio. However, our results also show several crystal-crystal phase transitions, with structures with a higher degree of degeneracy found to be stable at lower densities, while those with the best packing are found to be stable at higher densities.The Journal of Chemical Physics 07/2012; 137(4):044507. · 3.12 Impact Factor -
##### Article: Densest binary sphere packings.

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**ABSTRACT:**The densest binary sphere packings in the α-x plane of small to large sphere radius ratio α and small sphere relative concentration x have historically been very difficult to determine. Previous research had led to the prediction that these packings were composed of a few known "alloy" phases including, for example, the AlB(2) (hexagonal ω), HgBr(2), and AuTe(2) structures, and to XY(n) structures composed of close-packed large spheres with small spheres (in a number ratio of n to 1) in the interstices, e.g., the NaCl packing for n=1. However, utilizing an implementation of the Torquato-Jiao sphere-packing algorithm [Torquato and Jiao, Phys. Rev. E 82, 061302 (2010)], we have discovered that many more structures appear in the densest packings. For example, while all previously known densest structures were composed of spheres in small to large number ratios of one to one, two to one, and very recently three to one, we have identified densest structures with number ratios of seven to three and five to two. In a recent work [Hopkins et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 125501 (2011)], we summarized these findings. In this work, we present the structures of the densest-known packings and provide details about their characteristics. Our findings demonstrate that a broad array of different densest mechanically stable structures consisting of only two types of components can form without any consideration of attractive or anisotropic interactions. In addition, the structures that we have identified may correspond to currently unidentified stable phases of certain binary atomic and molecular systems, particularly at high temperatures and pressures.Physical Review E 02/2012; 85(2 Pt 1):021130. · 2.31 Impact Factor

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## Laura Filion |