Changes in the clinical features and prognostic factors of endogenous endophthalmitis: fifteen years of clinical experience in Korea.
ABSTRACT To identify changes in the clinical features, management, and prognostic factors of endogenous endophthalmitis in Korea from 1996 through 2010.
We conducted a retrospective review of medical records of patients diagnosed with endogenous endophthalmitis from January 1996 to December 2010, which was divided into 3 periods: 1996 to 2000, 2001 to 2005, and 2006 to 2010. Variables included age, source of infection, systemic conditions, initial and final visual acuities, causative organisms, and treatment.
Endophthalmitis was identified in 80 patients (97 eyes). Diabetes (42.5%) and liver cirrhosis (20%) were the common systemic problems in these patients. Liver abscess (25%) was the most common infection focus of the endophthalmitis. Klebsiella pneumoniae (48.4%) was the common causative agent, although more recently, endophthalmitis caused by gram-positive cocci has increased in frequency. The use of vitrectomy as an initial treatment has increased during the past 5 years. Good initial visual acuity greater than counting fingers (P < 0.001), early vitrectomy in patients with initially good visual presentation (P = 0.035), and gram-positive cocci (P = 0.033) as a causative agent were significantly related to a successful visual outcome.
Although the prognosis of endogenous endophthalmitis is generally poor in most patients, some eyes can have relatively good visual outcomes if treated appropriately and early enough.