Variability of total thiol compounds, oxidative and nitrosative stress in uncomplicated pregnant women and nonpregnant women.
ABSTRACT The objective of this study was to determine the changes in total plasma thiols (homocysteine, cysteine and cysteinylglycine), lipid peroxidation and nitric oxide concentrations during normal pregnancy.
These variables were measured in 28 uncomplicated pregnant women at first, second and third trimesters and in 19 nonpregnant women.
The mean concentrations of homocysteine, cysteine and cysteinylglycine were significantly lower in all trimesters of pregnancy compared with nonpregnant controls. There was significant elevation in serum lipid peroxidation levels of pregnant women within first and third trimesters compared with nonpregnant women. In spite of increase in mean nitric oxide levels in pregnant women, this increase did not reach statistically significant levels.
This study provides information about the changes in plasma levels of many variables having important role in pregnancy complication during all trimesters in uncomplicated pregnancy compared with nonpregnant women.
SourceAvailable from: Ashok Agarwal[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Since the first description about oxygen toxicity made by Joseph Priestley, the oxidative stress has been enrolled as a key factor in the pathogenesis of endometriosis. Our aim was to review oxidative stress biomarkers measured in patients with endometriosis. Relevant studies were identified by searches of the MEDLINE database from 1990 to March 2011 using endometriosis, free radical and oxidative stress as mesh terms. We only included manuscripts in English, and review articles were excluded. In addition, free radical chemistry and oxidative stress history were discussed. After inclusion and exclusion criteria, 19 articles were selected to be included in this systematic review. A total of 36 oxidative stress biomarkers (20 different markers) were measured in patients with endometriosis. Some of the markers were measured in more than one manuscript. They were arranged in five subgroups: Enzymatic activity (n = 3), Anions/free radicals (n = 5), Lipoperoxidation markers (n = 7), DNA Damage markers (n = 1), and Protein oxidation (n = 4). Of those 36 markers, 23 were found to be significantly higher in patients with endometriosis comparing with control patients. Oxidative stress plays an important role in the pathogenesis and progression of endometriosis.Archives of Gynecology 07/2012; 286(4):1033-40. DOI:10.1007/s00404-012-2439-7 · 1.28 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Earlier studies indicate that altered angiogenesis at birth is associated with poor birth outcome in women with preeclampsia. Now, we hypothesize that the progressive gestation dependant changes in markers of angiogenesis will be more useful to predict birth weight early even in a normotensive pregnancy. This study for the first time examines the association of gestation dependant changes in the levels of maternal angiogenic factors in addition to their levels in cord with birth weight. NINETY TWO PREGNANT WOMEN WERE FOLLOWED AT THREE DIFFERENT TIME POINTS: 16-20 weeks, 26-30 weeks and at delivery during pregnancy. Plasma levels of angiogenic and anti angiogenic factors were determined by commercial enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) kits. Maternal plasma VEGF levels increased (p<0.01) till the second time point and decreased (p<0.05) up to delivery while plasma sFlt-1 levels increased (p<0.01) at delivery. PlGF levels peaked (p<0.01) at second time point and decreased (p<0.01) at delivery. Cord plasma VEGF levels were higher (p<0.01) and sFlt-1 levels were lower (p<0.01) as compared to maternal values at all time points. Maternal plasma VEGF levels at first time point and PlGF levels at delivery were positively (p<0.05 and p<0.01 respectively), while sFlt-1/PlGF ratio at delivery was negatively associated (p<0.05) with birth weight. Levels of pro- and anti-angiogenic factors may be differentially regulated across gestation. Maternal VEGF levels at early gestation (16-20 weeks) may be predictive of birth weight in healthy term pregnancies.PLoS ONE 01/2013; 8(1):e54153. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0054153 · 3.53 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Our earlier studies both in animals and in humans have indicated that micronutrients (folic acid, vitamin B12) and long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids, especially docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), are interlinked in the one-carbon cycle, which plays an important role in fetal 'programming' of adult diseases. The present study examines the levels of maternal and cord plasma fatty acids, maternal folate, vitamin B12 and homocysteine in healthy mothers at various time points during pregnancy and also examine an association between them. A longitudinal study of 106 normal pregnant women was carried out, and maternal blood was collected at three time points, viz., T1 = 16-20th week, T2 = 26-30th week and T3 = at delivery. Cord blood was collected at delivery. Fatty acids were estimated using a gas chromatograph. Levels of folate, vitamin B12 and homocysteine were estimated by the chemiluminescent microparticle immunoassay (CMIA) technology. Maternal plasma folate (P < 0.05), vitamin B12 (P < 0.01) and DHA (P < 0.05) levels were lowest, while maternal homocysteine levels were highest (P < 0.01) at T3. There was a negative association between maternal DHA and homocysteine at T2 (P < 0.05) and T3 (P < 0.01). There was a positive association between plasma DHA in maternal blood at T3 and cord blood. Furthermore, there was a positive association between maternal folate and vitamin B12 at T3 and baby weight, whereas maternal homocysteine at T1 were inversely associated with baby weight at delivery. Our study provides evidence for the associations of folic acid, vitamin B12, homocysteine with DHA and baby weight, suggesting that a balanced dietary supplementation of folate-vitamin B12-DHA during pregnancy may be beneficial.Maternal and Child Nutrition 06/2013; DOI:10.1111/mcn.12062 · 2.97 Impact Factor