Liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry determination of total budesonide levels in dog plasma after inhalation exposure.
ABSTRACT A sensitive and selective method to quantify budesonide in dog plasma samples was developed and fully validated. Liquid-liquid extraction was followed by solid-phase extraction and liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry with electrospray ionization. After reconstitution of the analytes in the mobile phase, samples were analysed by reversed-phase liquid chromatography with isocratic elution. d8-Budesonide was used as an internal standard, and characteristic transitions of d8-budesonide and budesonide were used for quantification. The method was validated with respect to selectivity, specificity, linearity, recovery, repeatability, reproducibility and limits of detection and quantification. The validated method was successfully applied to monitor the plasma levels of budesonide in dogs exposed to clinical doses of inhaled and intravenous drug.
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ABSTRACT: Budesonide, a topically active corticosteroid, has a broad spectrum of clinically significant local anti-inflammatory effects in patients with inflammatory lung diseases including persistent asthma. In infants and young children with persistent asthma, day- and night-time symptom scores, and the number of days in which beta2-agonist bronchodilators were required, were significantly lower during randomised, double-blind treatment with budesonide inhalation suspension 0.5 to 2 mg/day than placebo in 3 multicentre trials. Significantly fewer children discontinued therapy with budesonide inhalation suspension than with placebo because of worsening asthma symptoms in a study that included children who were receiving inhaled corticosteroids at baseline. Recent evidence indicates that budesonide inhalation suspension is significantly more effective than nebulised sodium cromoglycate in improving control of asthma in young children with persistent asthma. At a dosage of 2 mg/day, budesonide inhalation suspension significantly reduced the number of asthma exacerbations and requirements for systemic corticosteroids in preschool children with severe persistent asthma. In children with acute asthma or wheezing, the preparation was as effective as, or more effective than oral prednisolone in improving symptoms. In children with croup, single 2 or 4mg dosages of budesonide inhalation suspension were significantly more effective than placebo and as effective as oral dexamethasone 0.6 mg/kg or nebulised L-epinephrine (adrenaline) 4mg in alleviating croup symptoms and preventing or reducing the duration of hospitalisation. Early initiation of therapy with budesonide inhalation suspension 1 mg/day appears to reduce the need for mechanical ventilation and decrease overall corticosteroid usage in preterm very low birthweight infants at risk for chronic lung disease. In adults with persistent asthma, budesonide inhalation suspension < or =8 mg/day has been compared with inhaled budesonide 1.6 mg/day and fluticasone propionate 2 mg/day administered by metered dose inhaler. Greater improvements in asthma control occurred in patients during treatment with budesonide inhalation suspension than with budesonide via metered dose inhaler, whereas fluticasone propionate produced greater increases in morning peak expiratory flow rates than nebulised budesonide. Several small studies suggest that the preparation has an oral corticosteroid-sparing effect in adults with persistent asthma and that it may be as effective as oral corticosteroids during acute exacerbations of asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. The frequency of adverse events was similar in children receiving budesonide inhalation suspension 0.25 to 2 mg/day or placebo in 12-week studies. During treatment with budesonide inhalation suspension 0.5 to 1 mg/day in 3 nonblind 52-week studies, growth velocity in children was generally unaffected; however, a small but statistically significant decrease in growth velocity was detected in children who were not using inhaled corticosteroids prior to the introduction of budesonide inhalation suspension. Hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis function was not affected by short (12 weeks) or long (52 weeks) term treatment with nebulised budesonide. In conclusion, budesonide inhalation suspension is the most widely available nebulised corticosteroid, and in the US is the only inhaled corticosteroid indicated in children aged > or =1 year with persistent asthma. The preparation is suitable for use in infants, children and adults with persistent asthma and in infants and children with croup.Drugs 11/2000; 60(5):1141-78. · 4.63 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The official (European) pharmacopeial assay for budesonide was found to be non-specific and non-stability-indicating when used to qualify several batches of pharmaceutical grade drug substance from different sources. In contrast, the most widely cited HPLC method in the literature was found to be specific and stability-indicating with respect to drug substance stored in the dry state. However, that method failed the pharmacopeia's assay system suitability requirements because of peak tailing. Moreover, it was unable to detect or resolve two major degradation products which resulted from drug storage in non-aqueous solution. A new stability-indicating HPLC method described here overcomes these problems. This method used a Hypersil C18 column with a mobile phase consisting of ethanol-acetonitrile phosphate buffer (pH 3.4; 25.6 mM) (2:30:68, v/v/v), a flow rate of 1.5 ml/min and UV detection at 240 nm. The purity of budesonide EP and its impurity profile (related substances) were tested using the new assay method, and the results compared to those from the two other methods described above. Solid-state and solution stressed stability samples were used to evaluate all methods. Using the novel method, the epimers of budesonide. their related impurities and degradation products were separated successfully. Validation studies demonstrated that the novel method possessed a linear UV response, good system precision and accuracy, high sensitivity and specificity for budesonide. The novel method will be used for future studies of budesonide's degradation kinetics.Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis 02/2001; 24(3):371-80. · 2.95 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Budesonide, a corticosteroid frequently used in the treatment of asthma, is most often administered via inhalation. Its use in sports is allowed when medically necessary. A fast, sensitive and accurate LC-MS method was developed and validated for the quantification of budesonide and its major metabolite 16alpha-hydroxyprednisolone in urine samples after inhalation of a metered dose (Pulmicort-Turbohaler 200). Sample preparation consists of an alkaline liquid-liquid extraction with ethyl acetate. Analysis was performed using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry with electrospray ionization (ESI). The method was linear in the range of 5-100 and 0.5-10ng/mL for 16alpha-hydroxyprednisolone and budesonide, respectively. The limits of quantification were 5ng/ml for 16alpha-hydroxyprednisolone and 0.5ng/mL for budesonide. The accuracy ranged from 2.2 to 3.5% for 16alpha-hydroxyprednisolone and from 0.8 to 16.4% for budesonide. After administration of 200microg of budesonide to five healthy volunteers budesonide could not be detected in any urine sample whereas 16alpha-hydroxyprednisolone was detectable up to 12h post-administration.Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis 11/2006; 42(4):474-9. · 2.95 Impact Factor