Phase 2 Study of Capecitabine and Irinotecan Combination Chemotherapy (Modified XELIRI Regimen) in Patients With Advanced Gastric Cancer
ABSTRACT The prognosis of patients with advanced gastric cancer (AGC) remains poor, and no single chemotherapy regimen is recognized as a global standard. A phase 2 trial was conducted to determine the efficacy and tolerability of the modified combination regimen of capecitabine and irinotecan (mXELIRI) in patients with AGC.
Patients with earlier untreated AGC received intravenous irinotecan (125 mg/m) over 90 minutes on days 1 and 8, and oral capecitabine (850 mg/m) twice daily on days 2 to 15, every 3 weeks. Treatment was continued for at most 8 cycles or until disease progression or intolerable toxicity.
Thirty-two patients were enrolled. In total, 141 cycles of mXELIRI were administered. The overall response rate was 43.7%, with 1 complete response and 13 partial responses. At a median follow-up of 16.2 months, median time to progression and overall survival were 5.6 months (95% confidence interval, 4.27-6.93 mo) and 11.0 months (95% confidence interval, 8.71-13.29 mo), respectively. The most common hematological adverse event was neutropenia (n=18, 56.3%); grade 3 neutropenia was observed in 5 patients, with neutropenic fever in only 2 patients. The most common grade 3/4 nonhematological toxicities were anorexia (n=3, 9.4%), nausea (n=3, 9.4%), vomiting (n=2, 6.3%), and diarrhea (n=2, 6.3%). There was no treatment-related death.
mXELIRI is a safe and effective first-line treatment for unresectable and metastatic gastric cancer with a manageable tolerability profile. It can be used as one of the first-line treatment options for patients with AGC.
SourceAvailable from: Kirill Makukhin[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Nondeclarative memory and novelty processing in the brain is an actively studied field of neuroscience, and reducing neural activity with repetition of a stimulus (repetition suppression) is a commonly observed phenomenon. Recent findings of an opposite trend-specifically, rising activity for unfamiliar stimuli-question the generality of repetition suppression and stir debate over the underlying neural mechanisms. This letter introduces a theory and computational model that extend existing theories and suggests that both trends are, in principle, the rising and falling parts of an inverted U-shaped dependence of activity with respect to stimulus novelty that may naturally emerge in a neural network with Hebbian learning and lateral inhibition. We further demonstrate that the proposed model is sufficient for the simulation of dissociable forms of repetition priming using real-world stimuli. The results of our simulation also suggest that the novelty of stimuli used in neuroscientific research must be assessed in a particularly cautious way. The potential importance of the inverted-U in stimulus processing and its relationship to the acquisition of knowledge and competencies in humans is also discussed.Neural Computation 01/2014; 26(4). DOI:10.1162/NECO_a_00569 · 1.69 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Despite numerous advances in treatment options, advanced gastric cancer (AGC) remains a major public health issue and the leading cause of cancer-related deaths. Cisplatin is one of the most effective broad-spectrum anticancer drugs for AGC and a doublet combination regimen of either cisplatin-based or 5-fluorouracil (5FU)-based chemotherapy is generally used for treatment of patients with AGC. However, there is still no consensus on the best regimen for treating AGC. Recently, various new chemotherapeutic agents, including oral 5FU, taxanes, and irinotecan, have been identified as improving the outcomes for AGC when used as a single agent or in combination with non-platinum chemotherapy. Nonetheless, it is still unclear whether non-platinum-based chemotherapy is a viable treatment option for patients with AGC. Accordingly, this review focuses on the efficacy and tolerability of non-platinum-based chemotherapy for patients with AGC.World Journal of Gastroenterology 05/2014; 20(18):5396-5402. DOI:10.3748/wjg.v20.i18.5396 · 2.43 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The predictive value of thymidine phosphorylase gene variants (TP, also called platelet-derived endothelial cell growth factor) and thrombocytosis were controversial and worthy of further study in gastrointestinal cancer (GIC) patients. We screened all of the common missense single nucleotide polymorphisms (MAF ≥ 0.1) in fluoropyrimidines (FU) pathway genes (including TP, TS, ENOSF1 and DPD). Three of them were selected and genotyped using Sequenom MassARRAY in 141 GIC patients. TP expression was assessed by immunohistochemistry. Our aim was to evaluate the prognostic significance of studied genes and platelet counts in GIC patients. Multivariate analyses indicated in rs11479-T allele carriers, platelet counts negatively correlated to overall survival. In addition, T allele of TP: rs11479 was associated with higher TP expression in cancer tissues. We suggest TP: rs11479 variant combined with platelet counts may be useful prognostic makers in GIC patients receiving first-line FU chemotherapy and thrombopoietin factor should be used with caution in the rs11479 T allele bearing patients.Scientific Reports 07/2014; 4:5697. DOI:10.1038/srep05697 · 5.08 Impact Factor