LSPR biomolecular assay with high sensitivity induced by aptamer-antigen-antibody sandwich complex.
ABSTRACT Herein we demonstrate a sensitive approach for protein detection based on peak shifts of localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) induced by aptamer-antigen-antibody sandwich structures. The applicability of the proposed method is demonstrated using human α-thrombin as a model analyte. While the binding of thrombin to its specific receptor, thrombin binding aptamer (TBA) modified on Au nanorods (AuNRs), causes a measurable LSPR shift, a subsequent binding of an anti-thrombin antibody to the captured thrombin can exhibit a nearly 150% amplification in the LSPR response. This enhanced signal essentially leads to an improvement of limit of detection (LOD) by more than one order of magnitude. In addition, the use of TBA as thrombin recognition units makes the biosensor reusable. The feasibility of the proposed method was further exploited by the detection of thrombin in human serum, opening the possibility of a real application for diagnostics and medical investigations.
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ABSTRACT: Electrospray ionization mass spectrometry detected the formation of the G-quadruplex structure of the thrombin-binding aptamer, d(GGTTGGTGTGGTTGG), and established its specific interaction with metal ions. One piece of evidence that the bonding in the gas phase is via the G-quadruplex form is the enhanced binding, with respect to other metal ions, of the aptamer with Sr2+, Pb2+, Ba2+, and K+, which are of similar size. Another is the lack of specific binding with controls in which the G's are replaced with A's. The most convincing evidence is the extent of H/D exchange of the gas-phase aptamer as compared to that bound to K+ and Sr2+. The latter two complexes exchange six and nine fewer H's, indicating a significant increase in protection upon binding to the metals. Mass spectrometry will be an important tool in understanding G-quadruplexes, which are particularly important in DNA telomers.Journal of the American Chemical Society 02/2003; 125(1):42-3. · 10.68 Impact Factor