Circulating tissue factor positive microparticles in patients with acute recurrent deep venous thrombosis.

Department of Vascular Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, China.
Thrombosis Research (Impact Factor: 3.13). 11/2011; 130(2):253-8. DOI: 10.1016/j.thromres.2011.10.014
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Circulating tissue factor positive microparticles (MPTF) were reported in a wide range of diseases with thrombotic tendency. Though D-dimer assay had a high negative predictive value for deep venous thrombosis (DVT) recurrence, there are currently no reliable positive predictors for recurrent DVT. We therefore quantified MPTF in patients with acute recurrent DVT to determine whether MPTF levels could be used to predict recurrent DVT.
Microparticles (MPs) were isolated from plasma of initial DVT patients (n=25), recurrent DVT patients (n=25) and sex- and age-matched healthy individuals (n=25), stained with annexin V, cell-specific monoclonal antibodies (MoAbs) and a MoAb directed against tissue factor (TF), and analyzed by flow cytometry. We also determined the plasma procoagulant activity with a Human TF Chromogenic Activity Assay Kit.
We found total MPTF to be elevated in recurrent DVT patients versus normal individuals (P=0.001). The number of monocyte-derived MPTF in both initial and recurrent DVT was higher than in normal individuals (P<0.01, respectively). The platelet and endothelial cell derived MPTF in recurrent DVT were significantly increased relative to other MPTF (P<0.05), although there was no difference between initial DVT patients and normal individuals. We demonstrated elevated procoagulant activity of platelet-free plasma in DVT patients relative to normal individuals, and a positive correlation with MPTF.
The elevated MPTF could be a potentially predictor for DVT recurrence. Further studies are needed to validate its sensitivity and specificity.

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    ABSTRACT: Factor V Leiden (FVL) and prothrombin gene mutation G20210A (PTM) are the two most common genetic polymorphisms known to predispose carriers to venous thromboembolism (VTE). A recent study in FVL carriers showed that circulating levels of microparticles (MP) may contribute to their thrombogenic profile. To further elucidate the prothrombotic state linked to genetic thrombophilia, we extended this study to carriers of PTM. The plasma level of annexin V-MP, endothelial-MP (EMP), platelet-MP (PMP), tissue factor-bearing MP (TF+) and the MP procoagulant activity (PPL) was measured in 124 carriers of PTM (105 heterozygous and 19 homozygous) and in 120 age- and gender-matched healthy individuals. Heterozygous and homozygous carriers of PTM showed significantly increased levels of annexin V-MP (2930 [1440-4646] MP/µL and 3064 [2412-4906] MP/µl, respectively) and significantly shorter PPL clotting time (54 [46-67] sec and 55 [46-64] sec) compared to controls (1728 [782-2122] MP/µl and 71 [61-75] sec, respectively; p<0.01). Similarly, heterozygous and homozygous subjects presented with significantly higher levels of EMP, PMP and TF+ than controls (p<0.05). PTM carriers with a VTE history had significantly higher MP numbers and activity than controls. No significant difference was seen between carriers with and without a VTE history. We conclude that the higher levels of circulating MP found in PTM carriers may play a role in the development of VTE possibly by increasing thrombin generation. Further studies are needed to better define the role of MP as triggering factors for the thrombotic complications characterizing mild genetic thrombophilic defects.
    Thrombosis and Haemostasis 05/2014; 112(3). · 6.09 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Circulating blood microparticles are likely to play a significant role as messengers of biological information. Their accurate quantification and characterisation is challenging and needs to be carefully designed with preferable usage of fresh minimally-processed blood samples. Utilisation of flow cytometers specifically designed for analysis of small-size particles is likely to provide considerable methodological advantages and should be the preferable option. This viewpoint manuscript provides a critical summary of the key methodological aspects of microparticle analysis.
    Thrombosis and Haemostasis 02/2014; 111(6). · 6.09 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background Preventing relapse is a basic goal in the treatment of DVT and requires investigation of risk factors for recurrence of deep venous thrombosis (DVT) in the lower extremities. Material and Methods We recruited and retrospectively reviewed 218 patients with recurrent DVT in the lower extremities diagnosed in our hospital from 2001 to 2012. Results Univariate analysis showed the incidence of recurrent DVT in patients with concomitant malignancy was 3 times higher than that in patients without malignancy (P<0.01); the incidence of recurrent DVT in patients with inferior vena cava filter (IVCF) at initial treatment was increased by 4.3 times as compared to patients treated with other modalities. In addition, pathological types of DVT (P=0.047), diabetes (P=0.040), nephrotic syndrome (NS; P=0.040), systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE; P=0.031) and poor compliance after discharge (P=0.030) were closely related to increased incidence of recurrent DVT. However, age (t=-1.927, P=0.055), gender (P=0.664), primary hypertension (P=0.098), embolectomy (P=0.367), and anti-coagulation (P=0.338) at initial treatment were not associated with recurrence of DVT. Multivariate analysis revealed that the risk for recurrent DVT in patients with concomitant malignancy was 3.5 times higher than that in patients without malignancy (OR=3.494, P<0.05); the risk for recurrent DVT in patients with IVCF at initial treatment was increased by 4.6 times as compared to patients treated with other modalities (OR=4.658, P<0.05). Pathological types of DVT, concomitant diabetes, NS, SLE and poor compliance after discharge were not associated with the risk for recurrent DVT (P>0.05). Conclusions Concomitant malignancy and IVCF at initial treatment are independent risk factors for recurrent DVT in the lower extremities.
    Medical science monitor: international medical journal of experimental and clinical research 01/2014; 20:199-204. · 1.22 Impact Factor


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May 15, 2014