Laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy and splenectomy for malignant tumors.
ABSTRACT Laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy has become the gold standard for benign tumors. As more surgeons have expertise in open and laparoscopic pancreatic surgery, increasing numbers of benign-appearing tumors are being removed via minimally invasive techniques and found to have malignancy on final pathology. Because of our growing experience in laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy, we have begun removing preoperatively suspected malignancies in the distal pancreas with minimally invasive techniques.
All cases were collected prospectively in a database and analyzed retrospectively. All cases begun laparoscopically with the intention of performing the resection with minimally invasive techniques were considered even if the operation was ultimately converted to an open procedure.
A total of 12 cases have been attempted of which four required hand assistance and one required conversion to an open approach due to delayed bleeding from a calcified splenic artery that had been transected with laparoscopic GIA stapler device. In total, eight (67%) patients had malignant disease and four (33%) were found to have benign tumors. The median lymph node retrieval is 8 (range 3-16) with no positive margins. The morbidity rate is 17% with one reoperation (8%) and one mortality (8%) at 30 and 90 days.
The laparoscopic approach to malignant pancreatic tumors is feasible with similar morbidity and mortality rates to benign series. When tumors are next to the confluence of the splenic portal vein, a hand-assisted approach may be adviseable. Calcified splenic arteries should be sought on preoperative imaging and either transected in non-calcified segments or controlled via open techniques via the hand port.
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ABSTRACT: After the rapid acceptance of laparoscopy to manage multiple benign diseases arising from gastrointestinal districts, some surgeons started to treat malignancies by the same way. However, if the limits of laparoscopy for benign diseases are mainly represented by technical issues, oncologic outcomes remain the foundation of any procedures to cure malignancies. Cancerous patients represent an important group with peculiar aspects including reduced survival expectancy, worsened quality of life due to surgery itself and adjuvant therapies, and challenging psychological impact. All these issues could, potentially, receive a better management with a laparoscopic surgical approach. In order to confirm such aspects, similarly to testing the newest weapons (surgical or pharmacologic) against cancer, long-term follow-up is always recommendable to assess the real benefits in terms of overall survival, cancer-free survival and quality of life. Furthermore, it seems of crucial importance that surgeons will be correctly trained in specific oncologic principles of surgical oncology as well as in modern miniinvasive technologies. Therefore, laparoscopic treatment of gastrointestinal malignancies requires more caution and deep analysis of published evidences, as compared to those achieved for inflammatory bowel diseases, gastroesophageal reflux disease or diverticular disease. This review tries to examine the evidence available to date for the use of laparoscopy and robotics in malignancies arising from the gastrointestinal district.World Journal of Gastroenterology 02/2014; 20(7):1777-1789. · 2.55 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Laparoscopic distal splenopancreatectomy (DSP) is an effective and safe surgical modality for treating benign and borderline distal pancreatic tumors, but rarely for pancreatic cancer. This study aimed to examine the feasibility, effectiveness, and safety of laparoscopic versus laparotomic DSP in pancreatic body-tail cancer (PBTC) patients. Thirty-four PBTC patients were consecutively and retrospectively hospitalized for elective laparoscopic DSP (n = 11) or laparotomy (n = 23) between January 2007 and December 2011. The primary outcome measure was mean overall survival (OS). All patients underwent DSP via laparoscopy or laparotomy as scheduled and were followed-up for 12-72 months. The two groups showed statistically similar mean operative time (laparoscopy vs. laparotomy, 150 ± 54 vs. 160 ± 48 min), median volume of intraoperative bleeding (100 [50-400] vs. 150 [50-350] ml), and rate of postoperative pancreatic fistula (18.2 vs. 21.7 %). The laparoscopy group had a significantly shorter median duration of hospitalization (5 [3-12] vs. 8 [7-22] d, P < 0.05). All patients had a clear resection margin and showed statistically similar tumor size (2.8 ± 1.5 vs. 3.1 ± 1.7 cm), number of lymph nodes dissected (14.8 ± 4.5 vs. 16.1 ± 5.7), and mean OS (42.0 ± 8.6 vs. 54.0 ± 5.8 mo, P > 0.05). Laparoscopic DSP is a feasible, effective, and safe alternative to laparotomy in carefully selected PBTC patients and is associated with a more rapid postoperative recovery.Surgical Endoscopy 04/2014; · 3.43 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: No consensus exists as to whether laparoscopic treatment for pancreatic insulinomas (PIs) is safe and feasible. The aim of this meta-analysis was to assess the feasibility, safety, and potential benefits of laparoscopic approach (LA) for PIs. The abovementioned approach is also compared with open surgery. A systematic literature search (MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, Science Citation Index, and Ovid journals) was performed to identify relevant articles. Articles that compare the use of LA and open approach to treat PI published on or before April 30, 2013, were included in the meta-analysis. The evaluated end points were operative outcomes, postoperative recovery, and postoperative complications. Seven observational clinical studies that recruited a total of 452 patients were included. The rates of conversion from LA to open surgery ranged from 0%-41.3%. The meta-analysis revealed that LA for PIs is associated with reduced length of hospital stay (weighted mean difference, -5.64; 95% confidence interval [CI], -7.11 to -4.16; P < 0.00001). No significant difference was observed between LA and open surgery in terms of operation time (weighted mean difference, 2.57; 95% CI, -10.91 to 16.05; P = 0.71), postoperative mortality, overall morbidity (odds ratio [OR], 0.64; 95% CI, 0.35-1.17; P = 0.14], incidence of pancreatic fistula (OR, 0.86; 95% CI, 0.51-1.44; P = 0.56), and recurrence of hyperglycemia (OR, 1.81; 95% CI, 0.41-7.95; P = 0.43). Laparoscopic treatment for PIs is a safe and feasible approach associated with reduction in length of hospital stay and comparable rates of postoperative complications in relation with open surgery.Journal of Surgical Research 08/2013; · 2.02 Impact Factor