Validation of the Childrenʼs Hospital of Philadelphia Infant Test of Neuromuscular Disorders (CHOP INTEND)
ABSTRACT Preliminary validation of the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia Infant Test of Neuromuscular Disorders (CHOP INTEND) for motor skill assessment in spinal muscular atrophy type I.
A total of 27 subjects 3 to 260 months old (mean = 49, SD = 69) with spinal muscular atrophy-I were evaluated with the CHOP INTEND. Subjects were evaluated as part of a multicenter natural history study.
CHOP INTEND scores and age were significantly correlated (r = -0.51, P = .007; 2 survival of the motor neuron [SMN] 2 gene copies, n = 16, r = -0.60, 3 SMN2 gene copies, n = 9, r = -0.83). Respiratory support and CHOP INTEND scores were correlated (r = -0.74, P < .0001, n = 26). The CHOP INTEND and age regression in patients with 2 copies versus 3 copies of SMN2 approached significance (P = .0711, n = 25). Subjects who required respiratory support scored significantly lower (mean = 15.5, SD = 10.2 vs mean = 31.2, SD = 4.2, P < .0001, n = 27). Correlation with motor unit number estimation and combined motor unit activation were not significant.
The CHOP INTEND reflects measures of disease severity and supports continued exploration of the CHOP INTEND.
Article: Translating Research to PracticePediatric physical therapy: the official publication of the Section on Pediatrics of the American Physical Therapy Association 12/2011; 23(4):321. DOI:10.1097/PEP.0b013e3182373967 · 1.04 Impact Factor
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Spinal muscular atrophy is an autosomal recessive disorder characterised by degeneration of motor neurons in the spinal cord and is caused by mutations of the survival of motor neuron 1 gene SMN1. The severity of spinal muscular atrophy is highly variable and no cure is available at present. Consensus has been reached on several aspects of care, the availability of which can have a substantial effect on prognosis, but controversies remain. The development of standards of care for children with the disorder and the identification of promising treatment strategies have changed the natural history of spinal muscular atrophy, and the prospects are good for further improvements in function, quality of life, and survival. A long-term benefit for patients will be the development of effective interventions (such as antisense oligonucleotides), some of which are in clinical trials. The need to be prepared for clinical trials has been the impetus for a remarkable and unprecedented cooperation between clinicians, scientists, industry, government, and volunteer organisations on an international scale.The Lancet Neurology 05/2012; 11(5):443-52. DOI:10.1016/S1474-4422(12)70061-3 · 21.90 Impact Factor
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: A term infant, at familial risk for spinal muscular atrophy (SMA), had the diagnosis genetically confirmed on day 3 of life. Clinical evaluation, the CHOP INTEND motor scale and the CMAP amplitude were obtained on days 5 (pre-symptomatic), 20 (mildly weak), 34 (moderately weak) and 63 (severely weak). Palliative care was provided and he expired of an acute pulmonary infection on day 81. The CMAP amplitude and INTEND scores were initially in the normal range, then followed a corresponding decline to a nadir at day 34 and remained so at the 4th assessment. A log-transformed plot of CMAP amplitude from days 5-34 was linear. These data suggest that early motor neuron loss in SMA type I may be logarithmic and demonstrates that the INTEND motor scale closely follows the CMAP electrophysiological biomarker. This single case report supports the consideration that early intervention with a potential therapy is necessary, before the pool of functional motor neurons has plummeted. Further study of these parameters in pre-symptomatic infants with SMA type I will help guide the design of future intervention studies.Neuromuscular Disorders 11/2012; 23(2). DOI:10.1016/j.nmd.2012.09.006 · 2.64 Impact Factor