Long-term outcome in patients with primary hyperparathyroidism who underwent minimally invasive parathyroidectomy.
ABSTRACT Minimally invasive parathyroidectomy (MIP) has become a well-accepted treatment for selected patients with primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT). However, few studies have evaluated long-term outcomes for this operative approach. We therefore chose to examine both the long-term symptom resolution and biochemical cure following MIP for PHPT.
A total of 460 PHPT patients who underwent a MIP between 2004 and 2009 were successfully mailed a questionnaire that assessed preoperative and postoperative Parathyroidectomy Assessment of Symptoms (PAS) scores, most recent calcium and parathyroid hormone (PTH) levels, and information about any reoperation for PHPT. Long-term evaluation of symptomatic and biochemical cure was performed.
A total of 200 patients (43.5%) responded to our correspondence. The mean age of the patients was 58.7 ± 11.9 years, 74.5% were female, and 78.5% were Caucasian. The mean follow-up was 37 ± 19 months. The mean PAS scores fell by 117 ± 14 at long-term follow-up after MIP (P < 0.0001). All 13 symptoms comprising the PAS score diminished, of which ten did so significantly (P < 0.01). There was a significant drop in the mean serum calcium (preop. 11.1 mg/dl, postop. 9.6 mg/dl; P < 0.0001) and PTH (preop. 130.9 pg/ml, postop. 45.7 pg/ml; P < 0.0001) at long-term follow-up. Five patients (2.5%) developed recurrent disease (calcium > 10.5 mg/dl), and one (0.5%) underwent a reoperation for persistent disease and was subsequently cured.
This study demonstrates that MIP has long-term benefits in terms of excellent symptom resolution and a high biochemical cure rate (97%) in selected patients who have PHPT, preoperative localization with sestamibi scans, and assessment of intraoperative PTH level.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: An incision less than 3 cm in length in the neck is the main feature that discriminates the minimally invasive thyroidectomy and parathyroidectomy from traditional procedures. Smaller neck scars are assumed to yield better patient satisfaction, although no established data support this. In this analysis, we evaluated the satisfaction of patients who had undergone both procedures, while examining the effects of sociodemographic and surgical characteristics. METHODS: We analyzed data from 691 patients who underwent a thyroidectomy or parathyroidectomy between January 2000 and March 2010. We assessed the satisfaction of patients who underwent conventional compared to minimally invasive procedures, using the validated Patient Scar Assessment Questionnaire (PSAQ). We included both the appearance and the consciousness subscales. RESULTS: Overall, patients were satisfied with their neck scars, as indicated by the low scores in appearance (13.3; range, 9 to 31) and consciousness (8.5; range, 6 to 24) subscales. The degree of satisfaction improved with increased time since surgery (P < .001). Patient satisfaction was similar regardless of the procedure used, implying that smaller scars do not provide better patient satisfaction. Most patients (81.2%) reported that they would not have preferred a transaxillary procedure over the procedure they received. CONCLUSION: A smaller incision in the neck was not associated with better patient satisfaction. New surgical approaches aimed at maximizing cosmesis while minimizing scar size should be evaluated for cost-effectiveness and clinical outcomes, as well as patient satisfaction, before becoming the standard of care.Surgery 09/2012; 153(3). DOI:10.1016/j.surg.2012.08.008 · 3.11 Impact Factor
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Intrathyroidal parathyroid adenomas (ITPAs) are a rare entity. The aim of this study is to describe the experience of 2 endocrine surgery centers and to distinguish characteristics of intrathyroidal parathyroid adenoma and nonintrathyroidal parathyroid adenomas. METHODS: We included patients who had undergone operations for primary hyperparathyroidism who had intrathyroidal parathyroid adenomas. Patients with single intrathyroidal parathyroid adenomas were also compared to age- and sex-matched controls with nonintrathyroidal parathyroid adenomas. RESULTS: Of 4,868 patients who underwent parathyroidectomy between January 2002 and June 2011, we identified 53 (1%) patients with intrathyroidal parathyroid adenoma. Sestamibi and ultrasound scans correctly identified the adenoma in 35 (70%) and 11 (61%) cases, respectively. Single adenomas were identified in 44 (83%) patients, double adenomas in 4 (8%) patients, and hyperplasia in 5 (9%) patients. Lobectomy was performed in 17 (32%) patients; enucleation was used in 36 (68%) patients. Cure was achieved in all patients and no patients experienced a recurrence. Patients with single intrathyroidal parathyroid adenomas had significantly smaller glands than patients with nonintrathyroidal parathyroid adenomas (325 ± 47 vs 772 ± 61 mg; P < .0001); however, no significant difference was identified between the groups with regard to demographics, symptoms, preoperative laboratory values, or outcomes. CONCLUSION: Single intrathyroidal parathyroid adenomas are smaller than nonintrathyroidal parathyroid adenomas, but patients with intrathyroidal parathyroid adenomas present with similar laboratory values and symptoms. Recognition of this rare entity can lead to a successful surgical outcome.Surgery 10/2012; 152(6). DOI:10.1016/j.surg.2012.08.026 · 3.11 Impact Factor
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Intraoperative parathyroid hormone monitoring (IOPTH) is a widely used adjunct for primary hyperparathyroidism (pHPT). However, the benefit of IOPTH in familial pHPT, such as in multiple endocrine neoplasia type I (MEN1), remains unclear. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of 52 patients with MEN1-associated pHPT undergoing initial parathyroidectomy with IOPTH monitoring at our institution. Parathyroid hormone (PTH) levels were measured before skin incision and 10 min after resection of the last parathyroid gland. Variables analyzed included percent drop of PTH from baseline and the final PTH level compared to the normal reference range (RR). RESULTS: A total of 52 patients underwent initial subtotal parathyroidectomy with IOPTH. An IOPTH decrease cutoff of ≥75 % from baseline had the highest biochemical cure rate (87 %). In the remaining 13 % who met this cutoff, all had persistent pHPT, with ≥90 % drop of PTH from baseline. The remaining patients, who did not meet the ≥75 % cutoff, were cured. Follow-up was available for three of four patients with final IOPTH levels above the RR: one had persistent pHPT, two had hypoparathyroidism (50 %). When a postresection PTH level was within the RR, 88 % of patients were cured. While considered cured from pHPT, 7 % of patients in this group developed permanent hypoparathyroidism. When the final PTH level dropped below the RR, 28 % developed permanent hypoparathyroidism. CONCLUSIONS: A cutoff in IOPTH decrease of ≥75 % from baseline has the highest biochemically cure rate in patients with pHPT associated with MEN1. However, a 75 % cutoff in IOPTH decrease does not exclude persistent pHPT. The absolute IOPTH value does not accurately predict postoperative hypoparathyroidism.World Journal of Surgery 05/2013; DOI:10.1007/s00268-013-2054-1 · 2.35 Impact Factor