Long-term outcome in patients with primary hyperparathyroidism who underwent minimally invasive parathyroidectomy.
ABSTRACT Minimally invasive parathyroidectomy (MIP) has become a well-accepted treatment for selected patients with primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT). However, few studies have evaluated long-term outcomes for this operative approach. We therefore chose to examine both the long-term symptom resolution and biochemical cure following MIP for PHPT.
A total of 460 PHPT patients who underwent a MIP between 2004 and 2009 were successfully mailed a questionnaire that assessed preoperative and postoperative Parathyroidectomy Assessment of Symptoms (PAS) scores, most recent calcium and parathyroid hormone (PTH) levels, and information about any reoperation for PHPT. Long-term evaluation of symptomatic and biochemical cure was performed.
A total of 200 patients (43.5%) responded to our correspondence. The mean age of the patients was 58.7 ± 11.9 years, 74.5% were female, and 78.5% were Caucasian. The mean follow-up was 37 ± 19 months. The mean PAS scores fell by 117 ± 14 at long-term follow-up after MIP (P < 0.0001). All 13 symptoms comprising the PAS score diminished, of which ten did so significantly (P < 0.01). There was a significant drop in the mean serum calcium (preop. 11.1 mg/dl, postop. 9.6 mg/dl; P < 0.0001) and PTH (preop. 130.9 pg/ml, postop. 45.7 pg/ml; P < 0.0001) at long-term follow-up. Five patients (2.5%) developed recurrent disease (calcium > 10.5 mg/dl), and one (0.5%) underwent a reoperation for persistent disease and was subsequently cured.
This study demonstrates that MIP has long-term benefits in terms of excellent symptom resolution and a high biochemical cure rate (97%) in selected patients who have PHPT, preoperative localization with sestamibi scans, and assessment of intraoperative PTH level.
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ABSTRACT: Success rates of initial surgery for primary hyperparathyroidism (pHPT) are greater than 95 % in specialized centers, mostly referring to single-surgeon experiences. The present study was performed to identify changes in clinical manifestations, diagnostic procedures, surgical strategies, and outcome of initial parathyroid interventions in a teaching hospital during the past 25 years with special regard to the surgical expertise. Clinical data of patients who underwent an initial neck exploration for benign pHPT between 1985 and 2010 at the University hospital Marburg were retrospectively evaluated. All data were analyzed particularly with regard to the implementation of additional pre- and intraoperative procedures and to the particular surgical strategy. In addition, operative results were furthermore analyzed with regard to the experience of the responsible surgeons. An initial neck exploration for benign pHPT was performed in 1,300 patients. Of these, 1,035 patients had a bilateral cervical exploration (BCE) and 265 patients had a focused, minimally invasive parathyroidectomy (MIP). Cure rates did not differ between focused surgeries and BCE (98.9 vs. 98.3 %, p = 0.596) after a mean follow-up of 33.4 (± 44.3) months. Postoperative transient hypoparathyroidism was significantly lower in the MIP group (11 vs. 47 %, p < 0.0001). The rate of permanent recurrent laryngeal nerve palsies (0.4 vs. 2 %, p = 0.064) and nonsurgical complications (0 vs. 1.4 %, p = 0.0875) tended to be lower in the MIP group. Success and complication rates of chief surgeons (n = 2), attending surgeons (n = 20), and residents (56 < 3 years, 30 > 3 years) were similar, despite a significantly shorter operating time in the chief surgeon group (p < 0.01). Despite the implementation of several diagnostic procedures and significant changes concerning the surgical strategy, high success rates of primary interventions for pHPT did not change over the past three decades. High success rates also can be achieved in a teaching hospital, provided that surgery is supervised by an experienced endocrine surgeon. MIP is the treatment of choice in patients with benign sporadic pHPT and positive preoperative localization studies.World Journal of Surgery 04/2014; 38(8). DOI:10.1007/s00268-014-2520-4 · 2.35 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to determine whether the operative approach independently influenced recurrence and to identify perioperative predictors of recurrence. Intraoperative parathyroid hormone (IoPTH) monitoring has enabled surgeons to perform minimally invasive parathyroidectomy (MIP). Yet, the long-term durability of this approach has recently been questioned. A retrospective review was performed, and cases of initial neck surgery for nonfamilial primary hyperparathyroidism were selected for analysis. Cases were classified as either open parathyroidectomy (OP) when both sides of the neck were explored or MIP when only one side was explored. Kaplan-Meier estimates were plotted for disease-free survival, and a Cox proportional hazards model was developed to evaluate factors associated with recurrence for both the entire cohort and the MIP subset. Further comparisons were made between those who recurred and those who did not recur. In the past 10-year period, 1368 parathyroid operations for primary hyperparathyroidism were performed at our institution. A total of 1006 were MIP whereas 380 were OP. There were no differences in recurrence between the MIP and OP groups (2.5% vs 2.1%; P = 0.68), and the operative approach (MIP vs OP) did not independently predict recurrent disease in our multivariate analysis. The percentage decrease in IoPTH was protective against recurrence for both the entire cohort (hazard ratio = 0.96; 95% confidence interval = 0.93-0.99; P = 0.03) and the MIP subset. A higher postoperative PTH also independently predicted disease recurrence. Operative approach does not independently predict recurrent hyperparathyroidism. The percentage decrease in IoPTH is one of many adjuncts the surgeon can use to determine which patients are best served by bilateral exploration whereas the postoperative PTH can guide follow-up after parathyroidectomy.Annals of surgery 11/2013; 259(3). DOI:10.1097/SLA.0000000000000207 · 7.19 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: In minimally invasive surgery for primary hyperparathyroidism (HPT), intraoperative parathyroid hormone (IOPTH) monitoring assists in obtaining demonstrably better outcomes, but optimal criteria are controversial. The outcomes of 1,108 initial parathyroid operations for sporadic HPT using IOPTH monitoring from 1997 to 2011 were stratified by final post-resection IOPTH level. All patients had adequate follow-up to verify cure. With mean follow-up of 1.8 years (range 0.5-14.3 years), parathyroidectomy using IOPTH monitoring failed in 1.2 % of cases, with an additional 0.5 % incidence of long-term recurrence at a mean of 3.2 years (range 0.8-6.8 years) postoperatively. Operative success was equally likely with a final IOPTH drop to 41-65 pg/mL vs ≤40 pg/mL (p = 1). In the 76 patients with an elevated baseline IOPTH level that did not drop to ≤65 pg/mL, surgical failure was 43 times more likely than with a drop into normal range (13 vs. 0.3 %; p < 0.001). When the final IOPTH level dropped by >50 % but not into the normal range, surgical failure was 19 times more likely (3.8 vs. 0.2 %; p = 0.015). Long-term recurrence was more likely in patients with a final IOPTH level of 41-65 pg/mL than with a level ≤40 pg/mL (1.2 vs. 0; p = 0.016). Adjunctive intraoperative PTH monitoring facilitates a high cure rate for initial surgery of sporadic primary hyperparathyroidism. A final IOPTH level that is within the normal range and drops by >50 % from baseline is a strong predictor of operative success. Patients with a final IOPTH level between 41-65 pg/mL should be followed beyond 6 months for long-term recurrence.World Journal of Surgery 11/2013; 38(3). DOI:10.1007/s00268-013-2329-6 · 2.35 Impact Factor