Abuse Experiences, Substance Use, and Reproductive Health in Women Seeking Care at an Emergency Department
Journal of Emergency Nursing (Impact Factor: 0.79). 11/2011; 39(4). DOI: 10.1016/j.jen.2011.09.011
INTRODUCTION: Abuse experiences can have negative health consequences for women. Many women present to the emergency department for episodic, nonemergent care and may have unique needs as survivors of abuse. The purpose of this study was to describe child sexual abuse experiences, intimate partner violence, substance use, and reproductive health outcomes in a sample of adult women who were seeking care from a rural emergency department to better understand the health care needs of this unique population. METHODS: One hundred forty-five adult women (18-45 years old) were recruited at an emergency department in the southeastern United States. Questionnaires were used to assess for demographic characteristics, history of child sexual abuse (CSA), intimate partner violence, reproductive health, and substance use. RESULTS: In the sample, 42.8% of women (n = 62) reported a positive history of CSA and 34.7% of women (n = 49) experienced intimate partner physical violence during the past year. More than 46% of the women (n = 65) had harmful drinking patterns in the past year and more than 50% reported some type of substance use in the past 3 months. Women who experienced CSA had a significantly greater number of lifetime sexual partners, were more likely to report pain with sexual intercourse, and were more likely to report a medical history of an abnormal Papanicolaou smear. DISCUSSION: The women in this sample had high rates of abuse, harmful drinking patterns, and substance use and were at risk for sexually transmitted infections. Through screening for lifetime violence, including sexual violence, emergency nurses can be an important liaison between women who have experienced CSA and appropriate referrals within the health care system.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Project Connect training aims to reduce barriers to screening for and intervening with women with histories of intimate partner violence and reproductive coercion. This study sought to assess the effectiveness of trainings, provider facility with Project Connect tools, and areas for improvement in a pilot state. Results indicated that providers found training useful, and those in supervisory roles particularly appreciated the universal tools and skill set given to participants. Providing these tools supports the provision of trauma-informed care. Areas for improvement included increased emphasis on initiating screening, enhancing training for different types of providers, and developing follow-up training.Family & community health 07/2015; 38(3):227-39. DOI:10.1097/FCH.0000000000000076 · 0.99 Impact Factor
Data provided are for informational purposes only. Although carefully collected, accuracy cannot be guaranteed. The impact factor represents a rough estimation of the journal's impact factor and does not reflect the actual current impact factor. Publisher conditions are provided by RoMEO. Differing provisions from the publisher's actual policy or licence agreement may be applicable.