Initial fixation strength of transosseous-equivalent suture bridge rotator cuff repair is comparable with transosseous repair.
ABSTRACT The outcome of rotator cuff repair correlates with tendon healing. Early studies of arthroscopic rotator cuff repair demonstrate lower healing rates than traditional open techniques. Transosseous-equivalent repair techniques (suture bridge) were developed to improve the initial fixation strength.
To compare the initial in vitro tensile fixation strength of a transosseous-equivalent suture bridge (TOE-SB) rotator cuff repair construct to a traditional transosseous (TO) suture construct.
Controlled laboratory study.
Identical simulated rotator cuff tears were created on 8 matched pairs of humeri. Each matched pair underwent repair with 4 sutures using either the TOE-SB or TO technique. Initial fixation strength was tested in a custom testing jig. Each shoulder underwent 1000 cycles each of low and then high load testing. Gap displacement was measured at anterior and posterior sites of the repair with digital video tracking of paired reflective markers and recorded at predetermined cycle intervals.
There were no statistically significant differences in gap formation at the repair sites under low or high load conditions between TOE-SB and TO techniques. The mean maximal gap formation of the repairs during low load testing in the TOE-SB and TO constructs was 0.93 ± 0.88 mm and 0.55 ± 0.22 mm, respectively (P = .505). The mean maximal gap formation during high load testing in the TOE-SB and TO constructs was 2.04 ± 1.10 mm and 2.28 ± 1.62 mm, respectively (P = .517). The most significant increase in gap distance occurred at the transition from low load to high load in both constructs. Most of the incremental displacement occurred within the first 100 cycles for both high and low load testing (P < .001).
The arthroscopic TOE-SB technique is comparable in initial fixation strength to the traditional TO simple suture repair technique.
Arthroscopic techniques can achieve initial fixation strength comparable with traditional TO techniques performed without suture anchors.
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ABSTRACT: The financial cost of using human tissues in biomedical testing and surgical reconstruction is predicted to increase at a rate that is disproportionately greater than other materials used in biomechanical testing. Our first hypothesis is that cadaveric proximal humeri that had undergone monotonic failure testing of simulated rotator cuff repairs would not differ in ultimate fracture loads or in energy absorbed to fracture when compared to controls (i.e., bones without cuff repairs). Our second hypothesis is that there can be substantial cost savings if these cadaveric proximal humeri, with simulated cuff repairs, can be re-used for fracture testing. Results of fracture tests (conducted in a backwards fall configuration) and cost analysis support both hypotheses. Hence, the bones that had undergone monotonic failure tests of various rotator cuff repair techniques can be re-used in fracture tests because their load-carrying capacity is not significantly reduced.BioResearch open access. 10/2014; 3(5):250-4.
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ABSTRACT: An ideal rotator cuff repair maximizes the tendon-bone interface and has adequate biomechanical strength that can withstand a high level of demand. Arthroscopic transosseous-equivalent rotator cuff repairs have become popular and have been shown to be superior to many other methods of fixation. We present an alternative method of repair for large crescent rotator cuff tears that combines 2 well-known methods of fixation: modified SpeedBridge (Arthrex, Naples, FL) and double-pulley techniques. These 2 repair constructs were combined to provide the greatest amount of compression across the footprint while also providing rigid fixation. Ultimately, this can provide an optimal environment for healing in otherwise significant injuries.Arthroscopy techniques. 06/2014; 3(3).
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ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to measure and compare the subjective, objective, and radiographic healing outcomes of single-row (SR), double-row (DR), and transosseous equivalent (TOE) suture techniques for arthroscopic rotator cuff repair.International Journal of Shoulder Surgery 01/2014; 8(1):15-20. · 0.51 Impact Factor