Discovery of selective glucocorticoid receptor modulator MK-5932.
ABSTRACT A series of partial agonists of the Glucocorticoid Receptor were prepared targeting reduced transactivation activity, while maintaining significant transrepression activity. Incorporation of an ortho-aryl amide produced compounds with the desired in vitro profile. Bioreactors consisting of Suspension cultures of Sf21 cells co expressing a CYP3A4 and NADPH-cytochrome P450 oxireductase were used to prepare the major metabolites of these compounds and revealed that oxidative N-dealkylation provided a pathway for formation of metabolites that were more agonistic than the parent partial agonists. Oxidative N-dealkylation was blocked in a new series of compounds, however oxidation alone was capable of producing full agonist metabolites. Incorporation of an ortho-primary amide and utilization of fluorine to modulate agonism afforded partial agonist MK-5932. Synthesis of the major metabolites of MK-5932 using bioreactor technology revealed that no significant GR-active metabolites were formed. Orally administered MK-5932 displayed anti-inflammatory efficacy in a Rat Oxazolone-induced chronic dermatitis model, while sparing plasma insulin.
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ABSTRACT: Glucocorticoids are used widely in the treatment of inflammatory diseases, but use is accompanied by a significant burden of adverse effects. It has been hypothesized that gene- and cell-specific regulation of the glucocorticoid receptor by small molecule ligands could be translated into a therapeutic with an improved risk-benefit profile. MK-5932 is a highly selective glucocorticoid receptor modulator that is anti-inflammatory in vivo with an improved profile on glucose metabolism: Bungard (2011) Bioorg. Med. Chem. 19, 7374-86. Here we describe the full biological profile of MK-5932. Cytokine production following lipopolysaccharide (LPS) challenge was blocked by MK-5932 in both rat and human whole blood. Oral administration reduced inflammatory cytokine levels in the serum of rats challenged with LPS. MK-5932 was anti-inflammatory in a rat contact dermatitis model, but was differentiated from 6-methylprednisolone by a lack of elevation of fasting insulin or glucose levels after 7 days of dosing, even at high exposure levels. In fact, animals in the vehicle group were consistently hyperglycemic at the end of the study, and MK-5932 normalized glucose levels in a dose-dependent manner. MK-5932 was also anti-inflammatory in the rat collagen-induced arthritis and adjuvant-induced arthritis models. In healthy dogs, oral administration of MK-5932 exerted acute pharmacodynamic effects with potency comparable to prednisone, but with important differences on neutrophil counts, again suggestive of a dissociated profile. Important gaps in our understanding of mechanism of action remain, but MK-5932 will be a useful tool in dissecting the mechanisms of glucose dysregulation by therapeutic glucocortiocids.European journal of pharmacology 12/2013; · 2.59 Impact Factor