Discovery of selective glucocorticoid receptor modulator MK-5932.

Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Merck Research Laboratories, 770 Sumneytown Pike, West Point, PA 19486, USA.
Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry (Impact Factor: 2.82). 10/2011; 19(24):7374-86. DOI: 10.1016/j.bmc.2011.10.054
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT A series of partial agonists of the Glucocorticoid Receptor were prepared targeting reduced transactivation activity, while maintaining significant transrepression activity. Incorporation of an ortho-aryl amide produced compounds with the desired in vitro profile. Bioreactors consisting of Suspension cultures of Sf21 cells co expressing a CYP3A4 and NADPH-cytochrome P450 oxireductase were used to prepare the major metabolites of these compounds and revealed that oxidative N-dealkylation provided a pathway for formation of metabolites that were more agonistic than the parent partial agonists. Oxidative N-dealkylation was blocked in a new series of compounds, however oxidation alone was capable of producing full agonist metabolites. Incorporation of an ortho-primary amide and utilization of fluorine to modulate agonism afforded partial agonist MK-5932. Synthesis of the major metabolites of MK-5932 using bioreactor technology revealed that no significant GR-active metabolites were formed. Orally administered MK-5932 displayed anti-inflammatory efficacy in a Rat Oxazolone-induced chronic dermatitis model, while sparing plasma insulin.