Article

Molecular Basis for Interaction of let-7 MicroRNAs with Lin28

Department of Biological Chemistry and Molecular Pharmacology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA.
Cell (Impact Factor: 33.12). 11/2011; 147(5):1080-91. DOI: 10.1016/j.cell.2011.10.020
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small noncoding RNA molecules that regulate gene expression. Among these, members of the let-7 miRNA family control many cell-fate determination genes to influence pluripotency, differentiation, and transformation. Lin28 is a specific, posttranscriptional inhibitor of let-7 biogenesis. We report crystal structures of mouse Lin28 in complex with sequences from let-7d, let-7-f1, and let-7 g precursors. The two folded domains of Lin28 recognize two distinct regions of the RNA and are sufficient for inhibition of let-7 in vivo. We also show by NMR spectroscopy that the linker connecting the two folded domains is flexible, accommodating Lin28 binding to diverse let-7 family members. Protein-RNA complex formation imposes specific conformations on both components that could affect downstream recognition by other processing factors. Our data provide a molecular explanation for Lin28 specificity and a model for how it regulates let-7.

0 Followers
 · 
185 Views
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: In eukaryotes, mRNA polyadenylation is a well-known modification that is essential for many aspects of the protein-coding RNAs life cycle. However, modification of the 3' terminal nucleotide within various RNA molecules is a general and conserved process that broadly modulates RNA function in all kingdoms of life. Numerous types of modifications have been characterized, which are generally specific for a given type of RNA such as the CCA addition found in tRNAs. In recent years, the addition of nontemplated uridine nucleotides or uridylation has been shown to occur in various types of RNA molecules and in various cellular compartments with significantly different outcomes. Indeed, uridylation is able to alter RNA half-life both in positive and in negative ways, highlighting the importance of the enzymes in charge of performing this modification. The present review aims at summarizing the current knowledge on the various processes leading to RNA 3'-end uridylation and on their potential impacts in various diseases.
    BioMed Research International 04/2015; 2015(Article ID 968127):12 pages. DOI:10.1155/2015/968127 · 2.71 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Defining the RNA target selectivity of the proteins regulating mRNA metabolism is a key issue in RNA biology. Here we present a novel use of principal component analysis (PCA) to extract the RNA sequence preference of RNA binding proteins. We show that PCA can be used to compare the changes in the nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectrum of a protein upon binding a set of quasi-degenerate RNAs and define the nucleobase specificity. We couple this application of PCA to an automated NMR spectra recording and processing protocol and obtain an unbiased and high-throughput NMR method for the analysis of nucleobase preference in protein-RNA interactions. We test the method on the RNA binding domains of three important regulators of RNA metabolism. © The Author(s) 2015. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of Nucleic Acids Research.
    Nucleic Acids Research 01/2015; DOI:10.1093/nar/gku1372 · 8.81 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Lethal-7 (let-7) microRNAs (miRNAs) are the most abundant miRNAs in the genome, but their role in developing thymocytes is unclear. We found that let-7 miRNAs targeted Zbtb16 mRNA, which encodes the lineage-specific transcription factor PLZF, to post-transcriptionally regulate PLZF expression and thereby the effector functions of natural killer T cells (NKT cells). Dynamic upregulation of let-7 miRNAs during the development of NKT thymocytes downregulated PLZF expression and directed their terminal differentiation into interferon-γ (IFN-γ)-producing NKT1 cells. Without upregulation of let-7 miRNAs, NKT thymocytes maintained high PLZF expression and terminally differentiated into interleukin 4 (IL-4)-producing NKT2 cells or IL-17-producing NKT17 cells. Upregulation of let-7 miRNAs in developing NKT thymocytes was signaled by IL-15, vitamin D and retinoic acid. Such targeting of a lineage-specific transcription factor by miRNA represents a previously unknown level of developmental regulation in the thymus.
    Nature Immunology 04/2015; 16(5). DOI:10.1038/ni.3146 · 24.97 Impact Factor