Claudins 10 and 18 are predominantly expressed in lung adenocarcinomas and in tumors of nonsmokers.
ABSTRACT We investigated the expression of claudins 18 and 10 in a large set of primary lung carcinomas.
Immunohistochemical expression of claudin 18 was seen in 12.7 % and claudin 10 in 12.5 % of lung carcinomas. Their expression significantly associated with each other (p<0.001). The expression of claudin 18 and 10 was most prominent in lung adenocarcinomas which displayed positivity in 21.2% and 23.4 % of cases. Female patients had more often claudin 18 and 10 positive tumors, also separately in adenocarcinomas. Interestingly, claudin 10 (p=0.036) and claudin 18 (p=0.001) were more common in tumours of nonsmokers. In adenocarcinomas claudin 18 predicted a better survival (p=0.032). In Cox multivariate analysis, claudin 18 had an independent prognostic value (p=0.027).
The results show that both claudins are most commonly expressed in lung adenocarcinomas and they are more occasionally detected in other histological tumour types. Curiously, female patients and non-smokers express these claudins more commonly suggesting that they may play a part in the carcinogenesis of tobacco unrelated carcinoma. Claudin 18 associated with a better survival in lung adenocarcinoma and had an independent prognostic value and may thus be used in the evaluation of patient prognosis.
Full-textDOI: · Available from: Terttu Harju, May 30, 2015
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ABSTRACT: The deregulation of claudin-3 has been reported to correlate with the invasion and metastasis of various cancers, but little is known about its expression level and the prognostic value in squamous cell lung carcinoma (SqCC). The purpose of this study is to determine the expression levels and the prognostic value of claudin-3 in completely resected SqCC tissues, and the potential underlying mechanism. The protein expression of claudin-3, E-cadherin, β-catenin, and vimentin in the tumor tissues from 103 patients with surgically resected SqCC was examined using immunohistochemistry, western blots, as well as semi-quantitative estimation. The claudin-3 protein level was significantly associated with E-cadherin, β-catenin, and vimentin protein expression. A decreased claudin-3 protein level was significantly correlated with TNM stage, lymph node metastasis, and disease recurrence. Similarly, downregulation of E-cadherin was significantly correlated with lymph node metastasis and disease recurrence. Decreased β-catenin expression also had a significant correlation with disease recurrence. Univariate analyses indicated that the T stage, lymph node metastasis, the TNM stage, and the expression of claudin-3, β-catenin, and vimentin were significant predictors for overall survival (OS). Moreover, multivariate analyses demonstrated that the TNM stage and protein levels of claudin-3, β-catenin, and vimentin were independent predictors for OS of SqCC patients. Claudin-3 plays an important role in the epithelial-mesenchymal transition of SqCC and might be used as a potential prognostic factor for SqCC.Tumor Biology 03/2015; DOI:10.1007/s13277-015-3350-1 · 2.84 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Claudins (CLDNs) are central components of tight junctions that regulate epithelial-cell barrier function and polarity. Altered CLDN expression patterns have been demonstrated in numerous cancer types and lineage-specific CLDNs have been proposed as therapy targets. The objective of this study was to assess which fraction of patients with non-small-cell-lung cancer (NSCLC) express CLDN6 and CLDN18 isoform 2 (CLDN18.2). Protein expression of CLDN6 and CLDN18.2 was examined by immunohistochemistry on a tissue microarray (n = 355) and transcript levels were supportively determined based on gene expression microarray data from fresh-frozen NSCLC tissues (n = 196). Both were analyzed with regard to frequency, distribution, and association with clinical parameters. Immunohistochemical analysis of tissue sections revealed distinct membranous positivity of CLDN6 (6.5%) and CLDN18.2 (3.7%) proteins in virtually non-overlapping subgroups of adenocarcinomas and large-cell carcinomas. Pneumocytes and bronchial epithelial cells were consistently negative. Corresponding to the protein expression, in subsets of non-squamous lung carcinoma high mRNA levels of CLDN6 (7-16%) and total CLDN18 (5-12%) were observed. Protein expression correlated well with total mRNA expression of the corresponding gene (rho = 0.4-0.8).CLDN18.2 positive tumors were enriched among slowly proliferating, thyroid transcription factor 1 (TTF-1)-negative adenocarcinomas, suggesting that isoform-specific CLDN expression may delineate a specific subtype. Noteworthy, high CLDN6 protein expression was associated with worse prognosis in lung adenocarcinoma in the univariate (HR: 1.8; p = 0.03) and multivariate COX regression model (HR: 1.9; p = 0.02). These findings encourage further clinical exploration of targeting ectopically activated CLDN expression as a valuable treatment concept in NSCLC. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.International Journal of Cancer 11/2014; 135(9). DOI:10.1002/ijc.28857 · 5.01 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Biliary tract cancers have an extremely poor outcome, and specific diagnostic markers and effective treatments are needed urgently. In this study, we assessed the capacity of panel of immunohistochemical markers including claudin-18, maspin, and p53 to distinguish biliary tract carcinoma and biliary intraepithelial neoplasia (BilIN) from non-neoplastic epithelium. We performed a retrospective study of 66 biliary tract cancer specimens and 63 specimens with non-neoplastic lesions. Of the surgical specimens, 96.7 % with adenocarcinoma/BilIN were detected as neoplastic, and all 63 specimens histologically diagnosed as non-neoplastic lesion were detected as non-neoplastic with high sensitivity (91.1 %) and specificity (100 %). Of presurgical endobiliary forceps biopsy specimens, all with adenocarcinoma/BilIN and only 1 of the 19 with a non-neoplastic lesion were distinguished as neoplastic with high sensitivity (100 %) and specificity (94.7 %). Moreover, this panel provided good separation of neoplasm from malignancy-undetermined atypical epithelium (18/21, 85.7 %). This panel achieves a more reliable distinction of biliary tract cancers and BilINs from non-neoplastic epithelia in both surgical and biopsy specimens than immunohistochemical analysis with single antibodies and is useful in supporting a diagnosis of adenocarcinoma and BilIN.Archiv für Pathologische Anatomie und Physiologie und für Klinische Medicin 12/2014; 466(3). DOI:10.1007/s00428-014-1705-4 · 2.56 Impact Factor