Integrated care for chronic conditions: The contribution of the ICCC Framework
ABSTRACT The aim of this research is to highlight the current relevance of the Innovative Care for Chronic Conditions (ICCC) Framework, as a model for change in health systems towards better care for chronic conditions, as well as to assess its impact on health policy development and healthcare redesign to date.
The authors reviewed the literature to identify initiatives designed and implemented following the ICCC Framework. They also reviewed the evidence on the effectiveness, cost-effectiveness and feasibility of the ICCC and the earlier Chronic Care Model (CCM) that inspired it.
The ICCC Framework has inspired a wide range of types of intervention and has been applied in a number of countries with diverse healthcare systems and socioeconomic contexts. The available evidence supports the effectiveness of this framework's components, although no study explicitly assessing its comprehensive implementation at a health system level has been found.
As awareness of the need to reorient health systems towards better care for chronic patients grows, there is great potential for the ICCC Framework to serve as a road map for transformation, with its special emphasis on integration, and on the role of the community and of a positive political environment.
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ABSTRACT: The prevalence, effect on health outcomes, and economic impact of chronic kidney disease (CKD) have created interest in self-management interventions to help slow disease progression to kidney failure. Seven studies were reviewed to identify knowledge gaps and future directions for research. All studies were published between 2010 and 2013; no investigations were conducted in the United States. Knowledge gaps included the focus on medical self-management tasks with no attention to role or emotional tasks, lack of family involvement during intervention delivery, and an inability to form conclusions about the efficacy of interventions because methodological rigor was insufficient. Educational content varied across studies. Strategies to improve self-management skills and enhance self-efficacy varied and were limited in scope. Further development and testing of theory-based interventions are warranted. There is a critical need for future research using well-designed trials with appropriately powered sample sizes, well-tested instruments, and clear and consistent reporting of results.Western Journal of Nursing Research 09/2014; 37(5). DOI:10.1177/0193945914551007 · 1.38 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: AimThis article describes the rationale, design and methodology of the Building research initiative group: chronic illness management and adherence in transplantation (BRIGHT) study. This study of heart transplant patients will: (1) describe practice patterns relating to chronic illness management; (2) assess prevalence and variability of non-adherence to the treatment regimen; (3) determine the multi-level factors related to immunosuppressive medication non-adherence.Background The unaltered long-term prognosis after heart transplantation underscores an urgent need to identify and improve factors related to survival outcomes. The healthcare system (e.g. level of chronic illness management implemented) and patient self-management are major drivers of outcome improvement.DesignThe study uses a survey design in 40 heart transplant centres covering 11 countries in four continents.Methods Theoretical frameworks informed variable selection, which are measured by established and investigator-developed instruments. Heart transplant recipients, outpatient clinicians and programme's directors complete a survey. A staged convenience sampling strategy is implemented in heart transplant centres, countries and continents. Depending on the centre's size, a random sample of 25–60 patients is selected (N estimated 1680 heart transplant recipients). Five randomly selected clinicians and the medical director from each centre will be invited to participate.Conclusion This is the first multi-centre, multi-continental study examining healthcare system and heart transplant centres chronic illness management practice patterns and potential correlates of immunosuppressive medication non-adherence. The knowledge gained will inform clinicians, researchers and healthcare policy makers at which level(s) interventions need to be implemented to improve long-term outcomes for transplant recipients.Journal of Advanced Nursing 09/2014; 71(3). DOI:10.1111/jan.12519 · 1.69 Impact Factor