Article

Sensory improvement of dry-fermented sausages by the addition of cell-free extracts from Debaryomyces hansenii and Lactobacillus sakei.

Instituto de Agroquímica y Tecnología de Alimentos (C.S.I.C.), Apartado 73, 46100 Burjassot (Valencia), Spain.
Meat Science (Impact Factor: 2.75). 03/2006; 72(3):457-66. DOI: 10.1016/j.meatsci.2005.08.010
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The effects of the addition of a combined cell-free extract from Lactobacillus sakei and Debaryomyces hansenii (D+L) or just a D. hansenii cell-free extract (D) to the initial formulation of a dry-fermented sausage were evaluated. The differences found among batches in the main microbial populations, pH, moisture content and global proteolytic and lipolytic indexes (total free amino acids, non protein nitrogen, acidity and tiobarbituric acid index) were not significant. Only, the acidity value of batch D was significantly higher (p<0.05) than that of batch D+L. Thus, cell-free extract from D. hansenii accelerated the lipolysis. Moreover, there were some significant differences (p<0.05) in the amino acid profile and, especially, in the aroma profile. The combination D+L and D promoted the generation of volatile compounds derived from lipid oxidation and carbohydrate fermentation. In batch D, the production of volatile compounds derived from amino acid catabolism and microbial fermentation was also enhanced. The overall quality was improved by both treatments (D+L, D) and also the aroma by addition of the combination of extracts (D+L). It is concluded that the addition of cell-free extracts from D. hansenii and, particularly, D. hansenii plus L. sakei could be useful to improve the final quality of fermented sausages.

0 Bookmarks
 · 
73 Views
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The volatile profile of dry-cured "lacón" that has been inoculated with three different yeasts were determined and compared with a non-inoculated dry-cured "lacón". Yeasts (Debaryomyces hansenii, Candida deformans and Candida zeylanoides) that were used as starter cultures in the present study were selected among yeasts that were isolated from native dry-cured "lacón" at different stages of ripening process. These starters were spread on dry-cured "lacón" surface in order to test their capacity to contribute on the generation of volatile compounds. A total of forty two volatile compounds were detected by dynamic headspace sampling followed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry analysis. Significant differences (P<0.001) on the volatile profiles of different batches were found in comparison with non-inoculated samples, showing the highest total area values for the inoculated ones. Esters were the most abundant chemical family in all batches studied except for C. zeylanoides batch, which showed greater amount of hydrocarbons than esters. The second more abundant family was hydrocarbons for control and C. deformans batches (147.6 and 445.24×10(6) area units, respectively), alcohols for D. hansenii (363.77×10(6) area units) and esters for C. zeylanoides (248.33×10(6) area units). However, the aldehyde compound group in control batch samples was found to be significantly higher than in the inoculated ones (P<0.001). Among inoculated batches, D. hansenii batch showed the lowest hexanal content (14.42×10(6) area units) in comparison with non-inoculated batch (105.99×10(6) area units). Among all batches studied, D. hansenii batch presented the highest area values for esters, alcohols, linear hydrocarbons, ketones, acids and furans; control batch for aldehydes and C. zeylanoides batch for branched hydrocarbons. Therefore, the study showed that every yeast strain produced a specific volatile profile which was also different from that of the control dry-cured "lacón".
    Meat Science 10/2012; · 2.75 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The profile of volatile compounds of a typical Turkish dry fermented sausage (sucuk) were analyzed by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC-MS) using a solid phase microextraction (SPME). The significant differences were found in the volatile profiles obtained in the five commercial brands analyzed. A total 92 compounds were identified. The volatile compounds were consisted of 5 acids, 7 esters, 10 aliphatic hydrocarbons, 7 alcohols, 5 aldehydes, 11 sulphur compounds, 2 ketones, 7 aromatic hydrocarbons, 27 terpenes, 2 nitrogen compounds, 3 phenols, and 6 compounds BCH. Terpenes were the chemical family with the highest proportion in four brands, ranged 56–76% of the total area of volatiles. Acids were major compounds (32%) in only one brand.
    International Journal of Food Properties 05/2010; 13(3):525-534. · 0.88 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The aim of this work was to study the yeast population during the manufacture of dry-cured "lacón" (a Spanish traditional meat product) and the effect of the salting time. For this study, six batches of "lacón" were manufactured with three different salting times (LS (3 days of salting), MS (4 days of salting) and HS (5 days of salting)). Yeast counts increased significantly (P < 0.001) during the whole process from 2.60 to 6.37 log cfu/g. An increased length of salting time did not affect yeast counts throughout the manufacture of dry-cured "lacón", although the highest yeast counts were obtained from LS batches. A total of 226 isolates were obtained from dry-cured "lacón" during drying-ripening stage, of which 151 were yeasts and were identified at the species level using molecular techniques. The total of 151 identified yeasts belonged to 4 different genera: Debaryomyces, Candida, Cryptococcus and Rhodotorula. Debaryomyces hansenii was the most abundant species isolated throughout the whole process as much in the interior as in the exterior of the pieces of three salt levels of "lacón" studied, while Candida zeylanoides was only isolated from the interior of MS and HS batches and from the exterior of LS and HS groups, but at lesser proportion than D. hansenii.
    Food Microbiology 05/2013; 34(1):12-8. · 3.41 Impact Factor

Full-text

View
63 Downloads
Available from
Jun 2, 2014