Sensory evaluation of young goat meat.
ABSTRACT Loins from 12 young goats (three extensively reared-entire males, EE; three extensively reared-castrated males, EC; three intensively reared-entire males, IE; four intensively reared-castrated males, IC) were assessed by a trained panel of eight assessors for odour, flavour and texture using 100 mm unstructured scales. Procrustes analysis was used to produce the spatial configuration of the samples. The first principal axis explained 44.9% of the variation and was mainly based on textural attributes. The second principal axis accounted for 21.3% of the variation and was mainly related to odour and flavour. Samples obtained from groups EE and EC were more tender and juicy, whereas, IE animals produced a more cohesive meat. Groups IE and IC produced a more stringy meat, with a higher meaty odour and flavour. The rearing system affected texture more than odour and flavour, whereas sex had little effect on textural attributes compared with odour and flavour.
Article: Effects of Green Tea and Grape Seed and TBHQ on Physicochemical Properties of Baladi Goat Meats[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The effect of natural extracts of green tea or commercial grape seed in combination with synthetic tert methyl-butylhydroquinone at different concentrations on lipid oxidation and the redness of goat meats stored at 5°C for 9 days was evaluated. Fresh boneless Baladi goat meats were ground and mixed at varying concentrations of green tea or grape seed extract alone or combined with tert methyl-butylhydroquinone. The color values of raw goat meat and the thiobarbituric acid-reactive substance values of raw and cooked goat meats were determined following 0, 3, 6, and 9 days of storage at 5°C. The antioxidant activity of the plant extracts and the tert methyl-butylhydroquinone ranged from 4.6–10.2 h induction time using an oxidative stability instrument. Thiobarbituric acid-reactive substance values ranged from 0.21 to 1.21 and 0.31 to 4.57 mg malondialdehyde/kg (goat meat) for the raw and cooked goat meats, respectively. Tert methyl-butylhydroquinone and plant extracts significantly decreased lipid oxidation of the goat meats, with a higher level of addition being more effective in minimizing lipid oxidation. Grape seed extract significantly increased the redness, while green tea extract decreased it; no effect of tert methyl-butylhydroquinone on the redness of goat meats was observed. This study has shown that inclusion of natural extracts of green tea and grape seed in goat meat could reduce lipid oxidation during its storage.International Journal of Food Properties 11/2011; 14(6):1208-1216. · 0.67 Impact Factor