Effect of glycogen concentration and form on the response to electrical stimulation and rate of post-mortem glycolysis in ovine muscle

CSIRO Livestock Industries FD McMaster Laboratory, Locked Bag 1 Armidale, NSW 2350, Australia.
Meat Science (Impact Factor: 2.62). 03/2008; 78(3):202-10. DOI: 10.1016/j.meatsci.2007.06.003
Source: PubMed


The associations between the muscle glycogen concentration and form and the rate of post-mortem glycolysis in ovine muscle were investigated. Twenty-two merino wethers (18-24 months) were allocated to either roughage or concentrate pelleted diets for 34 days prior to slaughter. An exercise depletion/repletion model was applied four days prior to slaughter to generate differences in muscle glycogen levels at slaughter. Muscle biopsies were taken from the m. semimembranosus (SM) and m. semitendinosus (ST) prior to and immediately after exercise for muscle glycogen determination. At slaughter, one side was electrically stimulated and both sides were conventionally chilled for 24h. The pH response to electrical stimulation (ΔpH) and the rate of pH decline adjusted to a constant temperature of 38°C over the initial 6h post-mortem period was determined in three muscles (m. longissimus thoracis et lumborum LTL, SM and ST). In addition, the concentrations of glycogen, proglycogen (PG), macroglycogen (MG) and lactate in the three muscles immediately after slaughter were determined. The glycogen loss due to exercise was influenced by diet (P<0.01; concentrate 63% and roughage 73%) but did not differ between muscles. The rates of repletion significantly varied between muscles (SM>ST) and diet (concentrate>roughage). The available glycogen (glycogen(A)) and MG concentrations at slaughter varied significantly depending on the diet (P<0.01) and muscle (P<0.001). The percentage of MG relative to MG+PG varied between muscles (46%, 50% and 57% for the ST, LTL and SM). The concentration and form of available glycogen at slaughter did not influence the response to electrical stimulation after adjusting for pre-stimulation pH (P<0.01). The ΔpH varied significantly between muscles (0.39±0.03, 0.26±0.02 and 0.20±0.03 for the ST, LTL and SM) after adjusting for pre-stimulation pH. Differences in the temperature adjusted rate of pH decline were observed between the muscles (LTL>SM>ST). Importantly, a positive linear association (P=0.05) was found between muscle glycogen(A) concentration at slaughter and the rate of pH decline (temperature adjusted).

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Available from: Graham Edwin Gardner, Jun 09, 2015
    • "The pH value at 24 h may be indicative of pHu values, but as pHu is driven by the glycogen content at slaughter (Ferguson et al., 2008) and glycolysis can continue to progress beyond 24 h, therefore carcases with similar pHu values may have different pH decline rates (Hwang & Thompson, 2001). It is also likely that animals which have more GR fat and larger carcase weights were on a higher plane of nutrition prior to slaughter and therefore will have higher concentrations of glycogen present in the muscle at slaughter (Ferguson et al., 2008). Thus HCW, GR fat may reflect the rate of pH decline and pH 24 but the relationship is expected to weaken when using these indicators as covariates to predict pHu values. "
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    ABSTRACT: Complementary studies were conducted to determine the potential for a Raman spectroscopic hand held device to predict meat quality traits of fresh lamb m. semimembranosus (topside) after ageing and freezing/thawing. Spectra were collected from 80 fresh muscles at 24h and 5d PM, another 80 muscles were measured at 24h, 5d and following freezing/thawing. Shear force, cooking loss, sarcomere length, colour, particle size, collagen content, pH24, pHu, purge and thaw loss were also measured. Results indicated a potential to predict pHu (R(2)cv=0.59), pH24 (R(2)cv=0.48) and purge (R(2)cv=0.42) using spectra collected 24h PM. L* could be predicted using spectra collected 24h (R(2)cv=0.33) or 5d PM (R(2)cv=0.33). This suggests that Raman spectroscopy is suited to identifying carcases which deviate from the normal metabolic processes and related meat quality traits. Copyright © 2015. Published by Elsevier Ltd.
    Meat Science 06/2015; 108:138-144. DOI:10.1016/j.meatsci.2015.06.010 · 2.62 Impact Factor
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    • "The electric current flowing through the muscle tissue causes pH decline by increasing postmortem glycolysis. It also partially decreases the microbial total count of the carcasses by preventing cold shortening and improving some quality parameters such as colour, tenderness, and flavour [2] [3] [8]. "
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    ABSTRACT: Effect of various voltage of electrical stimulation (ES) on meat quality of lamb and goat was investigated by using a total of 36 animals at 3-5 years old. Constant 50 Hz frequency and 50, 100, and 250 V, 90 sec of ES were administered to 1/2 carcasses and were examined according their textural, physicochemical, and sensorial characteristics. ES decreased the pH values of lamb and goat meat, and accelerated the rigor mortis (P < 0.05). Additionally, ES enhanced the water activity, water-holding capacity, and drip loss of both animals. Shear force varied between lamb and goat meat, and tenderness was improved depending on voltage range used (P < 0.001). ES caused difference in instrumental colour (CIE L*a*b*) values of lamb and goat meat compared with the control groups (P < 0.05) during aging period at 4°C. Sensorial characteristics were also improved with various levels of ES treatments. In conclusion, ES had positive effects on meat quality of lamb and goat, in contrast to undesirable consumer preferences.
    The Scientific World Journal 04/2012; 2012(1):574202. DOI:10.1100/2012/574202 · 1.73 Impact Factor

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