Allosteric property of the (Na⁺+K⁺)-ATPase β₁ subunit.
ABSTRACT (Na(+)+K(+))-ATPase (NKA) comprises two basic α and β subunits: The larger α subunit catalyzes the hydrolysis of ATP for active transport of Na(+) and K(+) ions across the plasma membrane; the smaller β subunit does not take part in the catalytic process of the enzyme. Little is known about allosteric regulation of the NKA β subunit. Here, we report a surprising finding that extracellular stimuli on the native β(1) subunit can generate a significant impact on the catalytic function of NKA. By using a β(1) subunit-specific monoclonal antibody JY2948, we found that the JY2948-β(1) subunit interaction markedly enhances the catalytic activity of the enzyme and increases the apparent affinity of Na(+) and K(+) ions for both ouabain-resistant rat NKA and ouabain-sensitive dog NKA. This study provides the first evidence to identify an allosteric binding site residing on the NKA β(1) subunit and uncovers the latent allosteric property of the β(1) subunit, which remotely controls the NKA catalytic function.
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ABSTRACT: Na+,K+-ATPase is a membrane protein which plays a key role in the maintenance of ion homeostasis that is necessary to neuronal excitability, secondary transport and neurotransmitter uptake. Mild hyperhomocysteinemia leads to several clinical manifestations and particularly cerebral diseases; however, little is known about the mechanisms of homocysteine on cerebral Na+,K+-ATPase. In the present study, we investigated the effect of mild hyperhomocysteinemia on the activity, the immunocontent of catalytic subunits (α 1, α 2, and α 3) and the gene expression of this enzyme. We used the experimental model of mild hyperhomocysteinemia that was induced by homocysteine administration (0.03 μmol/g of body weight) twice a day, from the 30th to the 60th postpartum day. Controls received saline in the same volumes. Results showed that mild hyperhomocysteinemia significantly decreased the activity and the immunocontent of the α 1 and α 2 subunits of the Na+,K+-ATPase in cerebral cortex and hippocampus of adult rats. On the other hand, we did not observe any change in levels of Na+,K+-ATPase mRNA transcripts in such cerebral structures of rats after chronic exposure to homocysteine. The present findings support that the homocysteine modulates the Na+,K+-ATPase and this could be associated, at least in part, with the risk to the development of cerebral diseases in individuals with mild hyperhomocysteinemia.Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry 03/2013; · 2.33 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: In addition to being a very well-known ion pump, Na(+),K(+)-ATPase is a cell-cell adhesion molecule and the receptor of digitalis, which transduces regulatory signals for cell adhesion, growth, apoptosis, motility and differentiation. Prolonged ouabain (OUA) blockage of activity of Na(+),K(+)-ATPase leads to cell detachment from one another and from substrates. Here, we investigated the cellular mechanisms involved in tight junction (TJ) disassembly upon exposure to toxic levels of OUA (≥300nM) in epithelial renal canine cells (MDCK). OUA induces a progressive decrease in the transepithelial electrical resistance (TER); inhibitors of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR, PD153035), cSrc (SU6656 and PP2) and ERK1/2 kinases (PD98059) delay this decrease. We have determined that the TER decrease depends upon internalization and degradation of the TJs proteins claudin (CLDN) 2, CLDN-4, occludin (OCLN) and zonula occludens-1 (ZO-1). OUA-induced degradation of proteins is either sensitive (CLDN-4, OCLN and ZO-1) or insensitive (CLDN-2) to ERK1/2 inhibition. In agreement with the protein degradation findings, OUA decreases the cellular content of ZO-1 and CLDN-2 mRNAs but surprisingly, increases the mRNA of CLDN-4 and OCLN. Changes in the mRNA levels are sensitive (CLDN-4, OCLN and ZO-1) or insensitive (CLDN-2) to ERK1/2 inhibition as well. Thus, toxic levels of OUA activate the EGFR-cSrc-ERK1/2 pathway to induce endocytosis, internalization and degradation of TJ proteins. We also observed decreases in the levels of CLDN-2 protein and mRNA, which were independent of the EGFR-cSrc-ERK1/2 pathway.Experimental Cell Research 10/2013; · 3.56 Impact Factor