Kjellmaniella crassifolia Miyabe (Gagome) extract modulates intestinal and systemic immune responses.
ABSTRACT Kjellmaniella crassifolia Miyabe (gagome) is a brown alga. Oral gagome administration (oral gagome) resulted in significant upregulation of IL-10 and IFNγ production by Peyer's patch cells. To assess the adjuvant activity of oral gagome, treated mice were subcutaneously injected with ovalbumin (OVA). The production of cytokines from antigen (Ag)-specific T cells in draining lymph nodes (dLN) and their proliferative response were significantly increased as compared with the control group. These enhancements were associated with increased CD44(hi)CD62L(-) activated/memory T cells in dLN as well as upregulation of Ag-specific IgA level in luminal contents. No upregulation of cytokine production by dLN T cells was observed in dectin-1-deficient mice, suggesting that the effect of gagome on cytokine production is largely dependent on the dectin-1 pathway despite its composite constituents. Our findings indicate that gagome is an effective immunomodulator and a potent adjuvant for both the intestinal and the systemic immune response.