Selection of Arterial Input Function for Postprocessing of Cerebral CT Perfusion in Chronic Unilateral High-grade Stenosis or Occlusion of the Carotid or Middle Cerebral Artery

Department of Biomedical Imaging and Radiological Sciences, Taipei, Taiwan.
Academic radiology (Impact Factor: 2.08). 11/2011; 19(1):8-16. DOI: 10.1016/j.acra.2011.09.004
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT We evaluated the effect of the arterial input function (AIF) on computed tomography perfusion (CTP) in patients with unilateral high-grade stenosis or occlusion in the carotid artery or middle cerebral artery without acute stroke.
CTP datasets were retrospectively postprocessed using the same venous output function and different AIF selections: the second segment of the anterior cerebral artery (A2 AIF), the second segment of the middle cerebral artery (MCA) on the lesion side (affected M2 AIF), and M2 on the contralateral side (nonaffected M2 AIF). We measured CTP values in the region of interest (ROI) in the bilateral MCA territory and evaluated the lesion-to-contralateral ratios.
The mean and standard deviations of cerebral blood flow (CBF) on the normal side were similar to previously reported data only when using "non-affected M2 AIF." Selecting an "affected M2 AIF" overestimated the CBF and shortened the mean transit time (MTT) in normal and lesion areas. Selecting an "A2 AIF" may cause overestimation of CBF in the normal side in patients with nonaffected-side A1 hypoplasia or occlusion. The sensitivity of the CBF ratio or MTT ratio to detect these unilateral cerebrovascular diseases was 100% using "nonaffected M2 AIF for bilateral MCA ROIs" and 70% (CBF ratio) and 90% (MTT ratio) using "respective AIF."
The use of "nonaffected AIF for the bilateral MCA ROIs" was found to be the best of these AIF-ROI combinations in patients with chronic unilateral carotid or M1 severe stenosis or occlusion.

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    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to assess absolute quantification of dynamic susceptibility contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance perfusion (MRP) comparing with computed tomography perfusion (CTP) in patients with unilateral stenosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively post-processed MRP in 20 patients with unilateral occlusion or stenosis of >79% at the internal carotid artery or the middle cerebral artery (MCA). Absolute quantification of MRP was performed after applying the following techniques: cerebrospinal fluid removal, vessel removal, and automatic segmentation of brain to calculate the scaling factors to convert relative cerebral blood volume (rCBV) and relative cerebral blood flow (rCBF) values to absolute values. For comparison between MRP and CTP, we manually deposited regions of interest in bilateral MCA territories at the level containing the body of the lateral ventricle. RESULTS: The correlation between MRP and CTP was best for mean transit time (MTT) (r=0.83), followed by cerebral blood flow (CBF) (r=0.52) and cerebral blood volume (CBV) (r=0.43). There was no significant difference between CTP and MRP for CBV, CBF, and MTT on the lesion side, the contralateral side, the lesion-contralateral differences, or the lesion-to-contralateral ratios (P>0.05). The mean differences between MRP and CTP were as follows: CBV -0.57mL/100g, CBF 2.50mL/100g/min, and MTT -0.90s. CONCLUSION: Absolute quantification of MRP is possible. Using the proposed method, measured values of MRP and CTP had acceptable linear correlation and quantitative agreement.
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