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Does Having a Dysfunctional Personality Hurt Your Career? Axis II Personality Disorders and Labor Market Outcomes

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Industrial Relations A Journal of Economy and Society (Impact Factor: 1.48). 01/2011; 50(1):149-173. DOI: 10.1111/j.1468-232X.2010.00629.x
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Despite recent interest in how psychiatric disorders affect work outcomes, little is known about the role of personality disorders (PDs), which are poorly understood yet prevalent (15%) and impairing. We used nationally representative data for 12,457 men and 16,061 women to examine associations of PDs with any employment, full-time employment, chronic unemployment, being fired or laid off, and having trouble with a boss or co-worker. Antisocial, paranoid, and obsessive-compulsive PDs demonstrated the broadest patterns of associations with adverse outcomes. Findings suggest that PDs may have implications for the productivity of co-workers as well as that of the disordered employees themselves.

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    • "In fact, Karpman posited that only primary psychopathy should be considered ''true'' psychopathy. Furthermore, due to their impulsivity-related problems it is unlikely that secondary psychopaths can be successful workers (if they enter the work force; Ettner et al. 2011). Thus, for the present study, we use primary psychopathy as a predictor. "
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    • "Finally, they can become irritated when others take their work less seriously than they do (Larsen & Buss, 2005). Ettner and colleagues (2011) found individuals with obsessivecompulsive PD to have a higher risk for encountering trouble with a boss or coworker. It is still not clear, however, how and to what extent these results generalize to more subclinical emergences of obsessive-compulsive characteristics. "
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