Terahertz conductivity of localized photoinduced carriers in a Mott insulator YTiO(3) at low excitation density, contrasted with the metallic nature in a band semiconductor Si.
ABSTRACT We performed optical-pump terahertz-probe measurements of a Mott insulator YTiO(3) and a band semiconductor Si using a laser diode (1.47 eV) and a femtosecond-pulse laser (1.55 eV). Both samples possess long energy-relaxation times (1.5 ms for YTiO(3) and 15 µs for Si); therefore, it is possible to extract terahertz complex conductivities of photoinduced carriers under equilibrium. We observed highly contrasting behaviour-Drude conductivity in Si and localized conductivity possibly obeying the Jonscher law in YTiO(3). The carrier number at the highest carrier-concentration layer in YTiO(3) is estimated to be 0.015 per Ti site. Anisotropic conductivity of YTiO(3) is determined. Our study indicates that localized carriers might play an important role in the incipient formation of photoinduced metallic phases in Mott insulators. In addition, this study shows that the transfer-matrix method is effective for extracting an optical constant of a sample with a spatially inhomogeneous carrier distribution.
- 01/1991; Academic Press.
Article: Imaging with terahertz radiation[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Within the last several years, the field of terahertz science and technology has changed dramatically. Many new advances in the technology for generation, manipulation, and detection of terahertz radiation have revolutionized the field. Much of this interest has been inspired by the promise of valuable new applications for terahertz imaging and sensing. Among a long list of proposed uses, one finds compelling needs such as security screening and quality control, as well as whimsical notions such as counting the almonds in a bar of chocolate. This list has grown in parallel with the development of new technologies and new paradigms for imaging and sensing. Many of these proposed applications exploit the unique capabilities of terahertz radiation to penetrate common packaging materials and provide spectroscopic information about the materials within. Several of the techniques used for terahertz imaging have been borrowed from other, more well established fields such as x-ray computed tomography and synthetic aperture radar. Others have been developed exclusively for the terahertz field, and have no analogies in other portions of the spectrum. This review provides a comprehensive description of the various techniques which have been employed for terahertz image formation, as well as discussing numerous examples which illustrate the many exciting potential uses for these emerging technologies.Reports on Progress in Physics 01/2007; 70:1325-1379. · 13.23 Impact Factor
Article: Physics of Semiconductor DevicesIEE review 02/1970; · 0.16 Impact Factor