Study of thermal spin crossover in [Fe(II)(isoxazole)(6)](BF(4))(2) with Mössbauer spectroscopy.
ABSTRACT (57)Fe Mössbauer spectroscopy of the mononuclear [Fe(II)(isoxazole)(6)](BF(4))(2) compound has been studied to reveal the thermal spin crossover of Fe(II) between low-spin (S = 0) and high-spin (S = 2) states. A temperature-dependent spin transition curve has been constructed with the least-square fitted data obtained from the Mössbauer spectra measured at various temperatures in the 240-60 K range during the cooling and heating cycle. The compound exhibits a temperature-dependent two-step spin transition phenomenon with T(SCO) (step 1) = 92 and T(SCO) (step 2) = 191 K. The compound has three high-spin Fe(II) sites at the highest temperature of study; among them, two have slightly different coordination environments. These two Fe(II) sites are found to undergo a spin transition, while the third Fe(II) site retains the high-spin state over the whole temperature range. Possible reasons for the formation of the two steps in the spin transition curve are discussed. The observations made from the present study are in complete agreement with those envisaged from earlier magnetic and structural studies made on [Fe(II)(isoxazole)(6)](BF(4))(2), but highlights the nature of the spin crossover mechanism.
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ABSTRACT: The electronic structure relevant to low spin (LS)↔high spin (HS) transitions in Fe(II) coordination compounds with a FeN6 core are studied. The selected [Fe(tz)6]2+ (1) (tz = 1H-tetrazole), [Fe(bipy)3]2+ (2) (bipy = 2,2′-bipyridine), and [Fe(terpy)2]2+ (3) (terpy = 2,2′:6′,2″-terpyridine) complexes have been actively studied experimentally, and with their respective mono-, bi-, and tridentate ligands, they constitute a comprehensive set for theoretical case studies. The methods in this work include density functional theory (DFT), time-dependent DFT (TD-DFT), and multiconfigurational second order perturbation theory (CASPT2). We determine the structural parameters as well as the energy splitting of the LS–HS states (ΔEHL) applying the above methods and comparing their performance. We also determine the potential energy curves representing the ground and low-energy excited singlet, triplet, and quintet d6 states along the mode(s) that connect the LS and HS states. The results indicate that while DFT is well suited for the prediction of structural parameters, an accurate multiconfigurational approach is essential for the quantitative determination of ΔEHL. In addition, a good qualitative agreement is found between the TD-DFT and CASPT2 potential energy curves. Although the TD-DFT results might differ in some respect (in our case, we found a discrepancy at the triplet states), our results suggest that this approach, with due care, is very promising as an alternative for the very expensive CASPT2 method. Finally, the two-dimensional (2D) potential energy surfaces above the plane spanned by the two relevant configuration coordinates in [Fe(terpy)2]2+ were computed at both the DFT and CASPT2 levels. These 2D surfaces indicate that the singlet–triplet and triplet–quintet states are separated along different coordinates, i.e., different vibration modes. Our results confirm that in contrast to the case of complexes with mono- and bidentate ligands, the singlet–quintet transitions in [Fe(terpy)2]2+ cannot be described using a single configuration coordinate. This downloadable PDF document is the Accepted Manuscript version of a Published Work that appeared in final form in Journal of Chemical Theory Computation, copyright American Chemical Society after peer review. To access the final edited and published work see http://pubs.acs.org/doi/full/10.1021/ct300932nJournal of Chemical Theory and Computation 01/2013; 9(1):509-519. · 5.31 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The 57Fe Mössbauer spectroscopy of mononuclear [Fe(II)(isoxazole)6](ClO4)2 has been studied to reveal the thermal spin crossover of Fe(II) between low-spin (S=0) and high-spin (S=2) states. Temperature-dependent spin transition curves have been constructed with the least-square fitted data obtained from the Mössbauer spectra measured at various temperatures between 84 and 270 K during a cooling and heating cycle. This compound exhibits an unusual temperature-dependent spin transition behaviour with TC(↓)=223 and TC(↑)=213 K occurring in the reverse order in comparison to those observed in SQUID observation and many other spin transition compounds. The compound has three high-spin Fe(II) sites at the highest temperature of study of which two undergo spin transitions. The compound seems to undergo a structural phase transition around the spin transition temperature, which plays a significant role in the spin crossover behaviour as well as the magnetic properties of the compound at temperatures below TC. The present study reveals an increase in high-spin fraction upon heating in the temperature range below TC, and an explanation is provided.Journal of Physics and Chemistry of Solids 11/2008; · 1.59 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The aim of this paper is to highlight some selected research activities on molecular magnetic materials using Mössbauer spectroscopy as a technique carried out in our laboratory in recent years. The first part of the present article is devoted to the studies of the various magnetic interactions, metal-to-metal electron-transfer phenomenon, glass transition occurring in molecular magnetic materials, whereas the second part deals with the iron(II) high spin (S = 2)–low spin (S = 0) transition phenomenon occurring in some isoxazole ligand based iron(II) compounds as examples with unusually complicated spin transition behaviour. Also, an example of a dinuclear a spin crossover compound of iron(II) is described, where Mössbauer spectroscopy has most convincingly unraveled the mechanism of the spin transition process. Finally, an example from our most recent studies of spin crossover materials exhibiting both thermal spin crossover and liquid crystalline properties in the same temperature interval near room temperature will be presented.06/2009: pages 3-19;