Family connectedness moderates the association between living alone and suicide ideation in a clinical sample of adults 50 years and older.
ABSTRACT To investigate whether living alone is significantly associated with expression of suicide ideation among mood-disordered mental health patients and whether degree of family connectedness moderates the association between living alone and expression of suicide ideation.
Cross-sectional survey design.
Inpatient and outpatient mental health services in Rochester, New York.
A total of 130-mood-disordered inpatients and outpatients 50 years and older.
Patients completed a demographics form, an interviewer-rated measure of current suicide ideation (Scale for Suicide Ideation), and a self-report measure of family connectedness derived from the Reasons for Living Scale-Older Adult version.
Patients who reported greater family connectedness were significantly less likely to report suicide ideation; this protective effect was strongest for those living with others (Wald χ(2)[df = 1] = 3.987, p = 0.046, OR = 0.905; 95% CI = 0.821-0.998). A significant main effect of family connectedness on suicide ideation suggested that having a stronger connection to family members decreased the likelihood of reporting suicide ideation (Wald χ(2)[df = 1] = 9.730, p = 0.002, OR = 0.852; 95% CI = 0.771-0.942).
These results suggest potential value in assessing the quality of interpersonal relationships when conducting a suicide risk assessment among depressed middle-aged and older adults.
SourceAvailable from: Ching-Yen Chen[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Suicide is a global issue among the elderly, but few studies have explored the experiences of suicide ideation in older Asian psychiatric outpatients. Older psychiatric outpatients (N = 24) were recruited by convenience from one medical centre and one regional hospital in northern Taiwan. Participants were recruited if they met these inclusion criteria: 1) ≥65 years old, 2) without severe cognitive deficit, 3) outpatients in the psychiatric clinics at the selected hospitals, and 4) self-reported first episode of suicidal ideation within the previous year. Data were collected in individual interviews using a semi-structured guide and analysed by content analysis. Suicide ideation was triggered by illness and physical discomfort, conflicts with family members/friends, illness of family members, death of family members/friends, and loneliness. Participants' reasons for not executing suicide were family members' and friends' support, receiving treatment, finding a way to shift their attention, fear of increasing pressure on one's children, religious beliefs, and not knowing how to execute suicide. Understanding these identified triggers of suicide ideation may help psychiatrists open a channel for conversation with their elderly clients and more readily make their diagnosis. Understanding these identified protective factors against executing suicide can help psychiatrists not only treat depression, but also enhance protective factors for their clients.BMC Psychiatry 12/2014; 14(1):269. DOI:10.1186/s12888-014-0269-9 · 2.24 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Suicide ideation (SI) is considered a major psychiatric emergency in patients diagnosed with chronic illnesses. Suicide ideation is a multifaceted issue that involves bio- psychosocial and cultural factors that interfere with patients’ abilities. The purpose of this study is to investigate the psychosocial predictors of SI among Jordanian patients with chronic illnesses. A cross-sectional design using self-administered questionnaires was used to collect data from 480 patients diagnosed with diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular diseases, and cancer. The mean score of suicide ideation was 4.07 (SD = 1.7) and almost 20% (n = 85) of the participants found to be suicidal, the majority were suffering from moderate to severe depressive symptoms and low levels of life satisfaction. Also, the analysis showed that the patients had a high level of optimism and moderate perception of social support from family, friends, and significant other. Type of illness has a significant relation to the ‘seriousness’ component of SI (p = 0.023). Depression (β = 0.345, pIssues in Mental Health Nursing 10/2014; 35(11). DOI:10.3109/01612840.2014.917752
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ABSTRACT: Serotonergic genes are associated with suicidal behavior; this association has not been tested in stroke survivors, however. In this study, we investigated whether serotonin transporter (5-HTT) and serotonin 2a receptor (5-HTR2a) genes were associated with suicidal ideation at 2 weeks and at 1 year after stroke. A total of 286 patients were evaluated 2 weeks after stroke, and 222 (78%) participated in a follow-up evaluation one year later. Suicidal ideation was ascertained using the "suicidal thoughts" item of the Montgomery and Asberg Depression Rating Scale. Associations between suicidal ideation and 5-HTTLPR, STin2 VNTR, 5-HTR2a 1438A/G, and 5-HTR2a 102T/C genotypes were estimated using logistic regression models, and gene-gene interactions were investigated using the generalized multifactor dimensionality reduction method after adjustment for potential covariates, including depression. The 5-HTR2a 1438 A/A genotype was significantly associated with suicidal ideation 2 weeks after stroke, before and after statistical adjustment. The 5-HTTLPR short allele was associated with suicidal ideation 2 weeks after stroke, although the significance of this finding was not evident after adjustment. No significant associations were observed between any genotype and suicidal ideation one year after stroke. No significant gene-gene interactions were detected. Individuals with the 5-HTR2a 1438 A/A genotype were more susceptible to suicidal ideation 2 weeks after stroke. Careful evaluation and management are indicated for those with increased genetic vulnerability, particularly during the acute phase of stroke.The American journal of geriatric psychiatry: official journal of the American Association for Geriatric Psychiatry 08/2013; 22(10). DOI:10.1016/j.jagp.2013.06.001 · 3.35 Impact Factor