Prognostic evaluation of tumour type and other histopathological characteristics in advanced epithelial ovarian cancer, treated with surgery and paclitaxel/carboplatin chemotherapy: cell type is the most useful prognostic factor.

Dept. of Clinical Therapeutics, Medical School, University of Athens, Athens, Greece.
European journal of cancer (Oxford, England: 1990) (Impact Factor: 4.12). 10/2011; 48(10):1476-83. DOI: 10.1016/j.ejca.2011.09.023
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Ovarian carcinomas have been classified into types I and II according to the hypothesised mode of carcinogenesis and molecular characteristics. The prognostic significance of this classification has not been studied.
Five hundred and sixty-eight patients with histologically confirmed, ovarian, fallopian tube or peritoneal carcinomas, international federation of gynecology and obstetrics (FIGO) stages IIC-IV, treated with paclitaxel/platinum following cytoreductive surgery, were included in this analysis. Type I included low-grade serous, mucinous, endometrioid and clear-cell and type II high-grade serous, unspecified adenocarcinomas and undifferentiated carcinomas.
Median overall survival (OS) was 49 months for type I versus 45 for type II (p=0.576). In contrast to type II, there was considerable prognostic heterogeneity among the subtypes included in type I. Cox regression analysis showed that cell-type classification: low-grade serous, mucinous, endometrioid, clear-cell, type II (high-grade serous, unspecified adenocarcinomas, undifferentiated carcinoma) was an independent predictor of survival (respective median OS 121 versus 15 versus 64 versus 29 versus 45 months, p=0.003). On the contrary, histopathological subtype or tumour type (I versus II) did not offer additional prognostic information.
The proposed model of ovarian tumourigenesis does not reflect tumour behaviour in advanced disease. Tumour-cell type is the most relevant histopathological prognostic factor in advanced ovarian cancer treated with platinum/paclitaxel.

  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Aberrant expression of human leukocyte antigens (HLA) class I has prognostic importance in various cancers. Here, we evaluated the prognostic value of classical (A/B/C) and nonclassical (G/E) HLA expression in 169 high grade epithelial ovarian cancer samples and linked that to clinicopathological characteristics and survival. Expression of HLA-A, -B/C, or -E was not correlated with survival. Survival was prolonged when tumours expressed HLA-G (P = 0.008) and HLA-G was an independent predictor for better survival (P = 0.011). In addition, HLA-G expression was associated with longer progression-free survival (P = 0.036) and response to chemotherapy (P = 0.014). Accordingly, high expression of HLA-G mRNA was associated with prolonged disease-free survival (P = 0.037) in 65 corresponding samples. Elevated serum-soluble HLA-G levels as measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay in 50 matched patients were not correlated to HLA-G protein expression or gene expression nor with survival. During treatment, sHLA-G levels declined (P = 0.038). In conclusion, expression of HLA-G is an independent prognostic factor for improved survival in high grade epithelial ovarian cancer and a predictor for platinum sensitivity.
    Research Journal of Immunology 01/2014; 2014:274584.
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Ovarian cancers have been recently categorized into types I and II according to a dualistic model of tumorigenesis. Data on the correlation between this classification and clinical outcome are still scarce and controversial. A retrospective analysis of patients with ovarian cancer treated from 1998 to 2013 and operated by the same surgeon was conducted. Patients were classified into two groups: type I (125 patients), including low-grade serous, mucinous, endometrioid, and clear cell tumors; and type II (286 patients), including high-grade serous tumors, unspecified adenocarcinomas, and undifferentiated carcinomas. Type II patients had a significantly higher incidence of advanced disease than type I (88.4 vs. 65.6 %, P = 0.0001) and required more aggressive surgical procedures. Rates of optimal tumor debulking were almost similar between groups (92.6 vs. 91.7 %, type I vs. II, P = NS). After a median follow-up of 41 months, 207 patients (50.4 %) were alive and 204 (49.6 %) were dead; 79 type I patients (63.8 %) and 237 type II patients (82.7 %) experienced relapse (P = 0.02). Progression-free survival was significantly different between groups: 25 months for type I vs. 17 months for type II (P = 0.023). Overall survival was not significantly different between groups, with a median overall survival of 75 months for type I vs. 62 months for type II (P = 0.116). The dualistic histotype-based classification into types I and II of ovarian cancer does not seem to correlate with prognosis. Different molecular characteristics of type I and II tumors may have therapeutic implications and should be deeply investigated.
    Annals of Surgical Oncology 04/2014; · 3.94 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: In the last decades, management of epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) has been based on the staging system of the International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO), and different classifications have been proposed for EOC that take account of grade of differentiation, histological subtype, and clinical features. However, despite taxonomic efforts, EOC appears to be not a unique disease; its subtypes differ for epidemiological and genetic risk factors, precursor lesions, patterns of spread, response to chemotherapy, and prognosis. Nevertheless, carboplatin plus paclitaxel combination represents the only standard treatment in adjuvant and advanced settings. This paper summarizes theories about the classification and origin of EOC and classical and new prognostic factors. It presents data about standard treatment and novel agents. We speculate about the possibility to create tailored therapy based on specific mutations in ovarian cancer and to personalize prevention.
    BioMed research international. 01/2013; 2013:852839.