A Comparison of Average Daily Risk Range Scores for Young Children with Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus Using Continuous Glucose Monitoring and Self-Monitoring Data

Department of Pediatrics, University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, Kansas 66160, USA.
Diabetes Technology &amp Therapeutics (Impact Factor: 2.11). 11/2011; 14(3):239-43. DOI: 10.1089/dia.2011.0169
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Young children with type 1 diabetes are vulnerable to glycemic excursion. Continuous glucose monitoring (CGM), combined with variability statistics, can offer a richer and more complete picture of glycemic variability in young children. In particular, we present data for the Average Daily Risk Range (ADRR) and compare ADRR scores calculated using CGM versus self-monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG) data for young children.
CGM and SMBG data from 48 young children with type 1 diabetes (mean age, 5.1 years) were used to calculate two separate ADRR scores, using SMBG data (ADRRs) and CGM data (ADRRc), for each child. Additionally, we calculated mean amplitude of glycemic excursion (MAGE) scores for children to examine the concurrent validity of the ADRRs and ADRRc.
Young children's mean ADRRc score was significantly greater than their ADRRs score (55±12 and 46±11, respectively; P<0.001). In addition, 74% of the time the children's ADRRc score reflected greater variability risk than their ADRRs score. Examining the concurrent validity, children's ADRRc scores correlated positively with MAGE scores calculated using their CGM and SMBG data, whereas their ADRRs scores only correlated with MAGE scores calculated using SMBG.
ADRR scores generated for young children with type 1 diabetes demonstrate a high risk for glucose variability, but ADRR scores generated from CGM data may provide a more sensitive measure of variability than ADRR scores generated from SMBG. In young children with type 1 diabetes, ADRR scores calculated from CGM data may be superior to scores calculated from SMBG for measuring risk of excursion.

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