Minicraniotomy versus bur holes for evacuation of chronic subdural collections in infants-a preliminary single-institution experience
ABSTRACT Various surgical interventions have been described to evacuate chronic subdural collections (CSCs) of infancy. These include transfontanel percutaneous aspiration, subdural drains, placement of bur hole(s) with or without a subdural drain, and shunting. Shunt placement typically provides good long-term success (resolution of the subdural fluid), but comes with well-known early and late complications. Recently, the authors have used a mini-osteoplastic craniotomy technique with the goal of definitively treating these children with a single surgery while avoiding the many issues associated with a shunt. They describe their procedure and compare it with the traditional bur hole technique.
In this single-institution retrospective study, the authors evaluated 26 cases involving patients who underwent treatment for CSC. Preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative data were reviewed, including radiographic findings (density of the subdural fluid and ventricular and subarachnoid space size), neurological examination findings, and intraoperative fluid description. The primary outcome was treatment failure, defined as the patient requiring any subsequent surgical intervention after the index procedure (minicraniotomy or bur hole placement).
Fifteen patients (10 male and 5 female; median age 5.1 months) collectively underwent 27 minicraniotomy procedures (each procedure representing a hemisphere that was treated). In the bur hole group, there were 11 patients (6 male and 5 female; median age 4.6 months) with 18 hemispheres treated. Both groups had subdural drains placed. The average follow-up for each treatment group was just over 7 months. Treatment failure occurred in 2 patients (13%) in the minicraniotomy group compared with 5 patients (45%) in the bur hole group (p = 0.09). Furthermore, the 2 patients who had treatment failure in the minicraniotomy group required 1 subsequent surgery each, whereas the 5 in the bur hole group needed a total of 9 subsequent surgeries. Eventually, 80% of the patients in the minicraniotomy group and 70% of those in the bur hole group had resolution of the subdural collections on the last imaging study.
The minicraniotomy technique may be a superior technique for the treatment of CSCs in infants compared with bur hole evacuation. The minicraniotomy provides greater visualization of the subdural space and allows more aggressive evacuation of the fluid, better irrigation of the space, the ability to fenestrate any accessible membranes safely, and continued egress of fluid into the subgaleal space. Although this preliminary report has obvious limitations, evaluation of this technique may be worthy of a prospective, multiinstitutional collaborative effort.
- Acta Neurochirurgica 10/2012; 155(1). DOI:10.1007/s00701-012-1539-2 · 1.79 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Subdural hygroma is the collection of cerebrospinal fluid in the subdural space. Most often these resolve spontaneously. However, in cases with neurological complications surgical drainage may be needed. We here, present the case of an 8-year-old boy with post meningitis subdural hygroma. (99m)Tc-ehylene cysteine dimer ((99m)Tc-ECD) hybrid single photon emission tomography/computed tomography (SPECT/CT) carried out in this patient, demonstrated the subdural hygroma as well as the associated cerebral hypoperfusion. If (99m)Tc-ECD SPECT/CT is integrated into management of these patients, it can help in decision making with respect to conservative versus surgical management.01/2013; 28(1):23-5. DOI:10.4103/0972-3919.116806
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ABSTRACT: Subdural effusion in an infant is a rare clinical scenario which may be secondary to a variety of etiologies. Massive subdural effusion is an extremely rare complication of head injury. Authors report a rare case of progressive massive subdural effusion which, despite bilateral bur-hole placement and drainage, failed and presented with visual deterioration and massive bulge of the scalp at bur-hole sites, producing a rabbit ear appearance in a 10-month-old infant. Ultimately, cystoperitoneal shunt was carried out in a desperate attempt to prevent impending rupture of scalp sutures at sites of previous bur-hole placement. This was followed by not only complete resolution of hygroma but also visual recovery. The patient is doing well at 6 months following shunt, regaining normal vision and appropriate developmental milestones. A MRI scan of the brain was carried out at last follow-up, which revealed mild ventriculomegaly with the rest of the brain being unremarkable, and subduro-peritoneal shunt in situ. Such a case has not been reported in the literature till date. Subdural effusion usually runs a self-limiting course. Though neurosurgical intervention is occasionally needed, different methods of surgical procedure for management include bur hole alone, bur holes with subdural drain placement, twist drill craniotomy with drain, and even craniotomy. Various methods of management are discussed along with a review of pertinent literature.Child s Nervous System 07/2013; DOI:10.1007/s00381-013-2233-2 · 1.16 Impact Factor