Post-traumatic stress disorder and health risk behaviors among Afghanistan and Iraq War veterans attending college.
ABSTRACT To determine if post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is associated with health risk behaviors among Operations Enduring and Iraqi Freedom (OEF/OIF) veterans attending college.
Using 2008 Boynton College Student Health Survey data, we tested associations between self-reported PTSD diagnosis and self-reported risk behaviors (n=406).
We found PTSD diagnosis to be significantly associated with reporting involvement in a physical fight in the past year (ARR = 3.1; 95% CI: 2.2, 4.4) and marginally associated with highrisk drinking (ARR = 1.3; 95% CI: 1.1, 1.6). However, no association was seen between PTSD and the tobacco use and other safety behaviors that we examined.
PTSD is likely a factor that contributes to the relationship between military service and certain health risk behaviors.
- SourceAvailable from: Christine Salek
- "Only college students from the state of Minnesota were studied, and the online survey format could lead to problems such as sampling issues, misrepresentation of identity, and the relative inability to generalize findings (McCullagh, n.d.). In spite of this, the results of the survey closely parallel results from other surveys about Operation Enduring and Iraqi Freedom veterans, especially in reports of aggression (Widome et al., 2011). However, the study's conclusions leaned on several previously reported statistics about college students in order to justify results dissimilar to those collected from non-veteran college students. "
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- "Although qualitative investigations have continually highlighted social support as an important factor influencing the adjustment of student service members/veterans to higher education, to date, there are a paucity of quantitative investigations examining social support. The vast majority of published quantitative investigations have focused on psychological and mental health issues such as posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and suicidal ideation (Barry, Whiteman, & MacDermid Wadsworth, 2012; Barry, Whiteman, MacDermid Wadsworth, & Hitt, 2012; Elliott et al., 2011; Rudd, Goudling, & Bryan, 2011; Widome et al., 2011) and health risk behaviors such as alcohol use, smoking, and physical violence (Whiteman & Barry, 2011; Widome, Laska, Gulden, & Lust, 2011). However, one study that examined the implications of social support for student service members/veterans documented a negative relationship between social support from family and friends (not limited to university friends) and PTSD, such that student service members/veterans reporting greater social support experienced less frequent PTSD symptoms (Elliott et al., 2011). "
ABSTRACT: Student service members/veterans represent a growing population on college campuses. Despite this growth, scholarly investigations into their health- and adjustment-related issues are almost nonexistent. The limited research that is available suggests that student service members/veterans may have trouble connecting with their civilian counterparts and be at risk for social isolation. The present study compared the development and implications of emotional support from peers among 199 student service members/veterans and 181 civilian students through 3 distinct occasions over the course of 1 calendar year. Data were collected via electronic survey. Measured constructs included perceived emotional support from university friends, mental health, alcohol use, and academic functioning. A series of multilevel models revealed that student service members/veterans reported less emotional support from their peers compared with their civilian counterparts; yet, emotional support from peers increased similarly for both groups over time. Although, increasing peer emotional support was generally related to better academic and mental health outcomes for both groups, the links between emotional support and mental health were stronger for civilian students. Results suggest that mental health practitioners, particularly those on college campuses, should be prepared to deal with veteran-specific experiences that occur before and during college. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2013 APA, all rights reserved).Journal of Counseling Psychology 02/2013; 60(2). DOI:10.1037/a0031650 · 3.23 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: 2012 marks the 90th year since the purification of insulin and the miraculous rescue from death of youngsters with type 1 diabetes. In this review, we highlight several previously unappreciated or unknown events surrounding the discovery. (i) We remind readers of the essential contributions of each of the four discoverers--Banting, Macleod, Collip, and Best. (ii) Banting and Best (each with his own inner circle) worked not only to accrue credit for himself but also to minimize credit to the other discoverers. (iii) Banting at the time of the insulin research was very likely suffering from post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) that originated during his heroic service as a surgeon in World War I on the Western Front in 1918, including an infected shrapnel wound that threatened amputation of his arm. His war record along with the newly discovered evidence of a suicide threat goes along with his paranoia, combativeness, alcohol excess, and depression, symptoms we associate with PTSD. (iv) Banting's eureka idea, ligation of the pancreatic duct to preserve the islets, while it energized the early research, was unnecessary and was bypassed early. (v) Post discovery, Macleod uncovered many features of insulin action that he summarized in his 1925 Nobel Lecture. Macleod closed by raising the question--what is the mechanism of insulin action in the body?--a challenge that attracted many talented investigators but remained unanswered until the latter third of the 20th century.Diabetes/Metabolism Research and Reviews 05/2012; 28(4):293-304. DOI:10.1002/dmrr.2300 · 3.59 Impact Factor