The Role of Bone Allografts in the Treatment of Angular Malunions of the Distal Radius

Department of Orthopedics and Department of Patient Safety and Quality, Denver Health Medical Center, University of Colorado, Denver, CO, USA.
The Journal of hand surgery (Impact Factor: 1.66). 11/2011; 36(11):1804-9. DOI: 10.1016/j.jhsa.2011.08.011
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Two cohorts of patients who had corrective osteotomies and volar platings for malunited fractures of the distal radius were compared retrospectively to determine whether the time to union and the outcome were affected by bone allograft.
Patients in the first group (n = 14) did not receive any bone graft; patients in the second group (n = 14) had allograft bone chips following volar plating. Indications for surgery, surgical technique, and postoperative rehabilitation were the same in both groups. Volar cortical contact was maintained using a volar locking plate in all patients. Radiographic parameters of deformity correction, time to union, wrist and forearm range of motion, grip strength, patient-rated wrist evaluation and Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder, and Hand questionnaire were used to evaluate the outcome before and after the surgery. Average follow-up time was 36 weeks. Patients who had diabetes, who smoked, who had a body mass index of more than 35, and who required lengthening for deformity correction were excluded from the study.
Osteotomies in both groups healed without loss of surgical correction. Final outcome and time to union revealed no significant differences, clinically or statistically, between the 2 groups. The Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder, and Hand score was improved in both groups.
When volar cortical contact was maintained using a volar locked plate, bone allograft at the osteotomy site did not improve the final outcome.
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