Diagnosis and assessment of hoarding disorder.
ABSTRACT The acquisition and saving of a large number of possessions that interfere with the use of living areas in the home are remarkably common behaviors that can pose serious threats to the health and safety of the affected person and those living nearby. Recent research on hoarding has led the DSM-5 Anxiety, Obsessive-Compulsive Spectrum, Post-traumatic, and Dissociative Disorders Work Group to propose the addition of hoarding disorder to the list of disorders in the upcoming revision of the diagnostic manual. This review examines the research related to the diagnosis and assessment of hoarding and hoarding disorder. The proposed criteria appear to accurately define the disorder, and preliminary studies suggest they are reliable. Recent assessment strategies for hoarding have improved our understanding of the nature of this behavior. Areas in need of further research have been highlighted.
- [show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Hoarding behavior has been reported in several mental disorders and is occasionally reported by the caregivers of dementia patients. Such behavior may have adverse effects on the patients and increase the burden of the caregivers. This study was conducted to investigate the prevalence of hoarding behavior in patients with dementia and identify the characteristics and psychiatric symptoms associated with it. The sample was 133 dementia patients admitted to a geropsychiatric ward. Of the 133 dementia patients, 30 (22.6%) showed hoarding. Hoarding was found in various types of dementia. Patients with hoarding had a higher prevalence of repetitive behaviors, hyperphagia, and pilfering. Results suggested that hoarding behavior is a common symptom in dementia patients and a complex phenomenon. Better understanding of the underlying pathogenesis may highlight specific pharmacological or behavioral methods for treatment of the behavior.American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry 02/1998; 6(4):285-9. · 4.13 Impact Factor