The use of combination therapy in treatment of postmenopausal osteoporosis

Bone Medicine, Cambridge University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Cambridge, CB2 0QQ, UK.
Endocrine (Impact Factor: 3.53). 02/2012; 41(1):11-8. DOI: 10.1007/s12020-011-9554-2
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT In recent years, there has been growing interest in the potential use of combination therapy in the management of osteoporosis in postmenopausal women. Possible regimens include sequential or combined use of anti-resorptive drugs or combinations of anabolic and anti-resorptive agents, given concurrently or in sequence. Combined therapy with anti-resorptive drugs usually produces greater increases in bone mineral density (BMD) than monotherapy but there is no evidence that this results in greater anti-fracture efficacy. The use of bisphosphonates before strontium ranelate or PTH peptides blunts the BMD response. Combined PTH and anti-resorptive therapy results in more rapid gains in spine BMD and a greater increase in hip BMD than PTH monotherapy in the first year of treatment but greater gains in both spine and hip BMD are seen with PTH monotherapy than combined therapy after 2 years of treatment. Anti-resorptive therapy after PTH therapy maintains or increases the gains in BMD. Further research is required to establish the cost-effectiveness and safety of combined and sequential regimens.

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    • "The clinical trials in postmenopausal women show that strontium ranelate reduces the risk of fractures and was well tolerated apart from a low rate of gastrointestinal sideeffects and an increased risk of venous thrombosis [14]. Estrogen, bisphosphonates, calcitonin, calcium products, ipriflavone, and anabolic steroids are clinically used as effective medications [15]; however, each of them has established some side effects. Many medicinal plants have long been used to prevent and treat osteoporosis in many countries. "
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