Bullying and Peer Victimisation in Adolescent Girls with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder

Centre for Community Child Health, Royal Children's Hospital, Flemington Road, Parkville, Melbourne, VIC 3052, Australia.
Child Psychiatry and Human Development (Impact Factor: 1.93). 10/2011; 43(2):254-70. DOI: 10.1007/s10578-011-0264-z
Source: PubMed


Emerging evidence suggests that adolescent girls with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) are more socially impaired compared with their peers; however, research has yet to elucidate the nature of this impairment. We investigated overt (e.g., physical, such as hitting or kicking or verbal, such as teasing and taunting) and relational (e.g., social manipulation, such as social exclusion) bullying and victimisation in adolescent girls with and without ADHD. Adolescent girls (mean age = 15.11) with (n = 22) and without (n = 20) ADHD and their primary caregivers completed measures of overt/relational bullying and victimisation and social impairment. Adolescent girls with ADHD experienced more social problems and more relational and overt victimisation than adolescent girls without ADHD. Although adolescent girls with ADHD engaged in more overt and relational bullying than adolescent girls without ADHD, this difference was not statistically significant. Oppositional Defiant Disorder symptoms appeared to be more strongly related to bullying behaviour, while victimisation appeared to be more strongly related to ADHD.

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    • "For instance, Blachman and Hinshaw (2002) found that school-aged girls with ADHD experienced higher levels of peer conflict and relational aggression than comparison girls (see also Zalecki and Hinshaw 2004). Sciberras et al. (2012) found that adolescent girls with ADHD experienced more overt and relational bullying and peer victimization compared to those without ADHD. Peer relationship dysfunction in youth has been found to be primarily attributable to "
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    • "Bullies and victims of bullying have been tied to poor emotional regulation and problem-solving capabilities, both of which correlate with ADHD characteristics (Sibley, Evans, and Serpell 2010). It was suggested that provocative and annoying behaviour might place children with ADHD at risk for being both victimised (Sciberras, Ohan, and Anderson 2012) and a bully. "
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    • "Bullies and victims of bullying have been tied to poor emotional regulation and problem-solving capabilities, both of which correlate with ADHD characteristics (Sibley, Evans, and Serpell 2010). It was suggested that provocative and annoying behaviour might place children with ADHD at risk for being both victimised (Sciberras, Ohan, and Anderson 2012) and a bully. "
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