Comparison of long-term clinical outcomes and costs between video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery and transcatheter amplatzer occlusion of the patent ductus arteriosus.
ABSTRACT The current study was designed to compare long-term clinical outcomes and costs between video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) and transcatheter Amplatzer occlusion (TAO). This study enrolled 294 patients with isolated patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) from April 2002 to April 2007, and 290 of these patients were followed up until April 2010. Of the 294 patients, 196 underwent VATS and 98 accepted TAO for PDA closure. The two groups were similar in terms of demographics and preoperative clinical characteristics. No cardiac deaths occurred in either group. All the patients in the VATS group had successful PDA closure, and 94 patients (94/98, 95.9%) in the TAO group had successful PDA occlusion. The incidence of acute procedure-related complications recorded was 1.5% in the VATS group compared with 10.2% in TAO group (P < 0.05). The cost per patient was $1,309.40 ± $312.20 in the VATS group and $3,415.80 ± $637.30 in the TAO group (P < 0.05). There were no cardiac deaths or newly occurring arrhythmias in either group during the fellow-up period. Up to the latest follow-up, no late recanalization or residual shunting was documented, and heart structure returned to normal level in the VATS group. However, residual shunting was detected in four more TAO patients. This study confirmed the long-term safety and efficacy of VATS clipping of PDA. Compared with TAO, PDA interrupted with VATS can achieve both excellent clinical results and satisfying cost effectiveness. The cost for VATS is only a little more than one third the cost for TAO.
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ABSTRACT: To overcome drawbacks of thoracotomy and percutaneous techniques, we have performed video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) since 1991 to treat patent ductus arteriosus (PDA). This retrospective study aims to analyse morbidity and outcome in order to add data in the evaluation of minimally invasive operations. From September 1991 to March 2003, 703 patients underwent PDA clipping by VATS. The indications for operation were clinically significant patency or failure to close in older children. Diameter >8 mm, previous thoracotomy, calcifications, infection, or aneurysm were contraindications to VATS. In right decubitus, only two thoracostomy incisions (for 5-mm trocars) and a smaller one (for direct hook insertion) were required. In the post-operative stay two echocardiographic controls were scheduled, the first before extubation and the second before discharge. Referring cardiologists assured follow-up. Mean age was 3.0+/-3.8 years (5 days-33 years), mean weight 10.7+/-8.0 kg (1.2-65 kg), and 3.1% of our activity were low birth-weight infants (LBWIs) weighting < or =2.5 kg. Operative and 30-day mortality was nil. Median operative time was 20 min and median stay 2 days. Unfavourable events globally occurred in 6.8% of cases (13.6% of the LBWIs, RR 4.0, CL 95% 1.5-10.4). Recurrent laryngeal nerve injury was noted in 3% (13.6% of the LBWI, RR 5.1, CL 95% 1.6-15), but only 0.4% had long lasting dysfunction. Incidence of chylothorax was 0.6%, thoracotomy 1%, transfusion for bleeding 0.1%, pneumothorax 1.3%. LBWIs were at increased risk for the latter two events. Residual patency was detected immediately in 1.4% (all non-LBWI) and underwent additional surgery. Incidence of residual patency at follow-up was 0.6% (0% LBWI, 0.6% in 2.5-25 kg group, 5.0% in >25 kg group, P=0.001). This study records a long experience of PDA treatment in a wide range of body size and age. VATS clipping is safe, but LBWIs are at augmented risk of complication. It may be carried out with a high degree of efficacy in all the ductus diameters <9 mm. VATS clipping requires minimal operating time and avoids morbidity related to chest wall trauma, percutaneous vascular access, and intravascular foreign bodies.European Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery 03/2004; 25(3):387-93. · 2.67 Impact Factor
- Radiologic Clinics of North America 09/1971; 9(2):203-18. · 1.95 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Left ventricular (LV) remodeling and predictors of LV systolic function late after closure of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) in adults remain to be clearly demonstrated. In 45 patients with PDA, including 28 patients who received successful occlusion using the Amplatzer device (AD group) (AGA, Golden Valley, MN) and 17 patients who received surgical closure (OP group), echocardiography studies were performed before closure and 1 day (AD group) or within 7 days (OP group) after closure, and then were repeated at > or = 6 months (17 +/- 13 months). In both groups, LV ejection fraction (EF) and end-diastolic volume index were significantly decreased immediately after closure, whereas end-systolic volume index did not change. During the long-term follow-up period, end-systolic as well as end-diastolic volume indices decreased significantly in both groups and LV EF recovered compared to the immediate postclosure state. However, LV EF remained low compared to the preclosure state. Five patients (11.1%) including 3 patients in the AD group and 2 patients in the OP group showed persistent late LV systolic dysfunction (EF <50%). In stepwise, multiple logistic regression analysis, preclosure EF was the only independent predictor of late normal postclosure EF (odds ratio, 1.230; 95% CI, 1.054-1.434; P = .008). Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis showed that preclosure EF > or = 62% had a sensitivity of 72% and a specificity of 83% for predicting late normal LV EF after closure. Left ventricular EF remains low late after PDA closure compared with preclosure state in adults. Preclosure LV EF is the best index to predict late postclosure LV EF.American heart journal 09/2007; 154(3):436-40. · 4.65 Impact Factor